,

 

 

 

The west side of the Gateway of the Sun.

 

 

   

 

 

Viracocha – Found semi-buried

 

 

 

Door of the Moon

 

Door of the SUn - Broken and Half-Buried - an Old Photograph...

 

 

 

Tiahuanaco - Door of the Sun: The Oldest City of the world?

 

Tiwanaku (Spanish: Tiahuanaco and Tiahuanacu) is an important Pre-Columbian archaeological site in western Bolivia, South America. An archaeologically based theory asserts that around AD 400, Tiwanaku is recognized by Andean scholars as one of the most important precursors to the Inca Empire, flourishing as the ritual and administrative capital of a major state power for approximately five hundred years. The ruins of the ancient city state are near the south-eastern shore of Lake Titicaca in the La Paz Department, Ingavi Province, Tiwanaku Municipality, about 72 km (45 mi) west of La Paz. The site was first recorded in written history by Spanish conquistador and self-acclaimed "first chronicler of the Indies" Pedro Cieza de León. Leon stumbled upon the remains of Tiwanaku in 1549 while searching for the Inca capital Qullasuyu. Some have hypothesized that Tiwanaku's modern name is related to the Aymara term taypiqala, meaning "stone in the center", alluding to the belief that it lay at the center of the world. However, the name by which Tiwanaku was known to its inhabitants may have been lost, as the people of Tiwanaku had no written language.

 

 

 

http://the-inca-block-g.wikispaces.com/Religion

 

http://daveearley.hubpages.com/hub/Ancient-Mysteries-Puma-Punku-in-Tiahuanaco

 

http://paleocontact.com/paleocontact/America/Tiwanaku%20-%20Bolivia/

 

 

 

Tiahuanaco’s Age??

Bolivian archaeologist Arturo Posnansky, found evidence in this ancient Bolivian temple complex and  dates the site by astronomical time to by around 12,000 - 17,000 years old ??

http://www.thule.org/tiahuanaco.html

 

 

 

The Oldest City in the World? ( 2 mins)

Is Tiahuanaco even older than Jericho? Peruvian archaeologist Arthur Posnansky, found evidence in this ancient Bolivian temple complex, that could date it back to more than 17,000 years old.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M3eQeGLcKsU&feature=player_embedded

 

Tiwanaku - The Most Mysterious Ancient City On Earth  ( 18 mins)

An archaeological series filmed in the Andes of Bolivia, South America, showing the history of the Andean civilization which is almost unknown by the world today.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M4zjmKQjWP4

 

Very good Photos >>

http://www.sacred-destinations.com/bolivia/tiwanaku

 

http://www.tiwy.com/pais/bolivia/tiwanaku/eng.phtml

 

Many Pictures and Excellent Info… >

http://davidpratt.info/andes2.htm  

 

http://www.atlantisbolivia.org/tiwanakucubits.htm

 

 

Tiwanaku - Satellite Image

 

 

 

Lake Titicaca Aerea & Ancient Sites - Bolivia - Map

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Historical Drawings from 1877 & Comparison Pictures

http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread732575/pg1

 

   

http://www.world-mysteries.com/mpl_6.htm

 

 

 

“The ruins of Tiahuanuco have been regarded by all students of American antiquities as in many respects the most interesting and important, and at the same time most enigmatical, of any on the continent. They have excited the admiration and wonder alike of the earliest and latest travelers, most of whom, vanquished in their attempts to penetrate the mystery of their origin, have been content to assign them an antiquity beyond that of the other monuments of America, and to regard them as the solitary remains of a civilization that disappeared before that of the Incas began, and contemporaneous with that of Egypt and the East.

Unique, yet perfect in type and harmonious in style, they appear to be the work of a people who were thorough masters of an architecture which had no infancy, passed through no period of growth, and of which we find no other examples. Tradition, which mumbles more or less intelligibly of the origin of many other American monuments, is dumb concerning these.

 

http://blog.world-mysteries.com/mystic-places/lost-ancient-technology/

 

 

Calendar ANIMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Tiwanaku Calendar - Lost Calendar of the Andes

The actual calendar is not the Gate of the Sun but the wall with 11 pillars behind it.
The 11 small icons on the freize of the Gate of the Sun represent these 11 pillars and throughout the year the sun sets over the pillars dividing the year into 20 months of 18 days
.

 

 

http://www.atlantisbolivia.org/tiwanakucubits.htm

 

 

The Tiwanaku Calendar - Lost Calendar of the Andes

http://www.atlantisbolivia.org/lostcalendarandes.htm

 

http://www.atlantisbolivia.org/atlantisboliviapart4.htm

 

http://www.gabitogrupos.com/DESENMASCARANDO_LAS_FALSAS_DOCTRINAS/template.php?nm=1328987547

 

Ancient World Calendars – New Views Surfacing

http://www.atlantisbolivia.org/lostcalendarandes.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

Viracocha, The Creator God – ("Creator of all things.")

 

Viracocha is the great creator god in the pre-Inca and Inca mythology in the Andes region of South America. Full name and some spelling alternatives are Apu Qun Tiqsi Wiraqutra and Con-Tici (also spelled Kon-Tiki) Viracocha. Viracocha was one of the most important deities in the Inca pantheon and seen as the creator of all things, or the substance from which all things are created, and intimately associated with the sea. Viracocha created the universe, sun, moon and stars, time (by commanding the sun to move over the sky) and civilization itself. Viracocha was worshipped as god of the sun and of storms. He was represented as wearing the sun for a crown, with thunderbolts in his hands, and tears descending from his eyes as rain. - According to the myth recorded by Juan de Betanzos, Viracocha rose from Lake Titicaca (or sometimes the cave of Pacaritambo) during the time of darkness to bring forth light.

 

Viracocha and The Coming of the Incas

http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/inca/inca01.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kalasasaya Building, Pumapunku Tiahuanaco, Bolivia,

 

 

Cutting these patterns is very hard, even  with today’s technology!!

 

This cut, the depth of which is accurate

to 1 mm all the way was not made using stone or copper tools?

 

 

 

The Carved Area was filled with metal to secure the union of stones

 

 

 

Pumapunku

 

In Aymara, Puma Punku's name means, "The Door of the Puma".

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pumapunku

 

http://www.atlantisbolivia.org/tiwanakucubits.htm

 

Pumapunku, also called “Puma Pumku” or “Puma Puncu”, is part of a large temple complex or monument group that is part of the Tiwanaku Site near Tiwanaku, Bolivia. In Aymara, its name means, “The Door of the Cougar”. The Pumapunku complex consists of an unwalled western court, a central unwalled esplanade, a terraced platform mound that is faced with megalithic stone, and a walled eastern court. The Pumapunku is a terraced earthen mound that is faced with megalithic blocks. It is 167.36 m wide along its north-south axis and 116.7 m long along its east-west axis. On the northeast and southeast corners of the Pumapunku it has 20-meter wide projections that extend 27.6 meters north and south from the rectangular mound. The eastern edge of the Pumapunku is occupied by what is called the “Plataforma Lítica.” The Plataforma Lítica consists of a stone terrace that is 6.75 by 38.72 meters in dimension. This terrace is paved with multiple enormous stone blocks. The Plataforma Lítica contains the largest stone slab found in both the Pumapunku and Tiwanaku Site. This stone slab is 7.81 meters long, 5.17 meters wide and averages 1.07 meters thick. Based upon the specific gravity of the red sandstone from which it was carved, this stone slab has been estimated to weigh 131 metric tons. The core of the Pumapunku consists of clay. The fill underlying selected parts of the edge of the Pumapunku consists of river sand and cobbles instead of clay. Excavations at the Pumapunku have documented “three major building epochs, in addition to small repairs and remodeling.”[

The oldest layer of mound fill forming the Pumapunku. This layer was deposited during the first of three construction epochs and dates the initial construction of the Pumapunku at 1510 ±25 B.P. C14 (AD 440; calibrated, AD 536–600). Since the radiocarbon date came from the lowermost and oldest layer of mound fill underlying the andesite and sandstone stonework, the stonework must have been constructed sometime after 1510 ±25 B.P. C14.

In assembling the walls of Pumapunku, each stone was finely cut to interlock with the surrounding stones and the blocks fit together like a puzzle

 

 Mysterious Ruins of Tiahuanaco and Puma Punku ( 8 mins)

 From The History Channel Program "Ancient Aliens"

The Stone Age refers to a period of time in human prehistory, all the way back from the first primate toolmaking (Homo habilis), more than 2.6 million years ago to about 3500 BC, when metallurgy in the form of smelting copper ore was developed. The Stone Age is divided into three segments, the Paleolithic (literally: Old Stone Age), Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age), and Neolithic (New Stone Age). ( Estimated to ne 17,0000 Year old)

Puma Punku, truly startles the imagination. It seems to be the remains of a great wharf (for Lake Titicaca long ago lapped upon the shores of Tiahuanaco) and a massive, four-part, now collapsed building. One of the construction blocks from which the pier was fashioned weighs an estimated 440 tons (equal to nearly 600 full-size cars) and several other blocks laying about are between 100 and 150 tons. The quarry for these giant blocks was on the western shore of Titicaca, some ten miles away. There is no known technology in all the ancient world that could have transported stones of such massive weight and size. The Andean people of 500 AD, with their simple reed boats, could certainly not have moved them. Even today, with all the modern advances in engineering and mathematics, we could not fashion such a structure.

 

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oovRIJ0AHRw

 

The Mystery PUMA PUNKU (  6:21  Mins)

A temple build of Granite and Diorite (Diorite cannot be cut with anything else but Diamond tools). The processes and technologies involved in the creation of these temples are still not fully understood by modern scholars. In assembling the walls of Pumapunku, each stone was finely cut to interlock with the surrounding stones and the blocks fit together like a puzzle.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FUlia-YjASI

 

Ancient Aliens of Puma Punku  (  10  Mins)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ndvGrqscuY 

 

Wonders of the world, Puma Punku  ( 5mins)

 A temple build of Granite and Diorite, (Diorite cannot be cut with anything else but Diamond tools)

The processes and technologies involved in the creation of these temples are still not fully understood by modern scholars. In assembling the walls of Pumapunku, each stone was finely cut to interlock with the surrounding stones and the blocks fit together like a puzzle.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DZVty7n324Y

 

 

 

 

 

New Underground Discovery at Puma Punku

 

 

 

 

 

 

The ruins of Puma Punku are one of four structures in the ancient city of Tiahuanaco. The others three structures are; The Akapana Pyramid, the Kalasasaya Platform, and the Subterranean Temple.

 

Pumapunku also called “Puma Pumku” or “Puma Puncu”, is part of a large temple complex or monument group that is part of the Tiwanaku Site near Tiwanaku,Bolivia. In Aymara, its name means, “The Door of the Cougar”. The Pumapunku complex consists of an unwalled western court, a central unwalled esplanade, a terraced platform mound that is faced with megalithic stone, and a walled eastern court. . The Plataforma Lítica contains the largest stone slab found in both the Pumapunku and Tiwanaku Site. This stone slab is 7.81 meters long, 5.17 meters wide and averages 1.07 meters thick. Based upon the specific gravity of the red sandstone from which it was carved, this stone slab has been estimated to weigh 131 metric tons


http://ivanterzic.wordpress.com/category/history/

 

http://blog.derestricted.com/prehistory/pumapunku/

 

 

http://www.underthetruth.info/99/real-proof-of-pre-historic-period-ever-it-forward.html
 

There was some amazing lifting going on also. The great pyramid has 80 ton blocks that were lifted up high and set in place. Puma Punku has pieces as big as 130 tons.

http://www.democratic-republicans.us/english/english-part-two-of-the-spiritual-video-atlantis-on-google-earth

 
Excellent photos >>>>>>
http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread732575/pg1

 

Puma Punku - Aerial View image - Google Earth  -

 

New Underground Discovery at Puma Punku

http://scienceray.com/earth-sciences/scientists-find-underground-chamber-pumapunku-2/


 

 

 

 

 

 

The Mystery of Puma Punku in Tiahuanaco – Ancient Alines ( 45 mins)

Ancient megalithic stones cut with astonishing precision. Mysterious sculptures depicting faces from all around the world & legends of other worldly giants creating an entire civilisation in a single night. Brien Foerster says, Quote "If there is one place that shows evidence of ancient aliens... its Puma Punku..."

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KT6k2NY5Riw

 

 

This is one of the excavated entrances.

 

 

The pyramid is dramatically damaged by looting and quarrying that began with the Spanish Conquest and has continued through the 20th Century. A large "looter's hole" can be seen in the center of the pyramid's top surface.

 

 

 

They had developed a sophisticated irrigation system that prevented frost damage to crops.

 

 

Akapana Pyramid Mound at Tiwanaku

 

The 59-foot-tall Akapana resembles a large natural hill more than a pyramid. Closer inspection shows walls and columns sticking out from the base and carved stones on its summit and tumbling down the sides. The somewhat amorphous shape of this tremendous pyramid is the result of centuries of looting and quarrying of its stones for colonial churches and even for a railway built in the 1900s. New research shows that this pyramid was never quite finished in antiquity.

At Tiwanaku we seem to have an interesting situation where the city's previous infrastructure was razed and completely redone just before the city was suddenly abandoned. It seems that around A.D. 700, three centuries into the existence of Tiwanaku as a monumental and powerful city, there was a sudden change to direct all construction efforts toward building what was the largest structure in the Andes. The previous monuments of the city were torn down and their stones reused to build the Akapana pyramid. The effort was too great, and the pyramid lay unfinished when the city

 was abandoned. One Spanish chronicler said of Tiwanaku, "They build their monuments as if their intent was never to finished them."

 

We could be seeing the rise of a powerful king, a popular religious movement, or the formation of a multicultural city. Whatever the cause behind this massive transformation, it didn't last long. By A.D. 950 all monumental construction suddenly ends with stones in various stages of dressing scattered around the partially built monuments.

 

They are giving an ancient pyramid a facelift. Workers plastered the Akapana pyramid – one of the biggest constructions in South America which predates the Incas – with adobe to make it look more impressive.

The problem, according to some experts, is that the new look is an archaeological travesty which could cost the pyramid its UN world heritage site designation. Rather than clay bricks, the original construction, of immense spiritual significance for the Tiwanaku civilisation, is believed to have used stone

 

A Trip to Tiwanaku Bolivia - The Mystery of the Akapana Pyramid ( 2 mins)

 

 

 

 

Tiwanaku is recognized by Andean scholars as one of the most important precursors to the Inca Empire, flourishing as the ritual and administrative capital of a major state power for approximately five hundred years.
Scientists decode the life giving riddle of Bolivia's great Akapana Pyramid

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6GEXx8cIujY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Isla de la Luna (Island of the Moon) & Isla del Sol (Island of the Sun) on Lake Titicaca

The Island of the Moon, much smaller than the Island of the Sun, is said to be where Viracocha commanded the moon to rise.

 

Sun Island in the Bolivian part of Lake Titicaca is the most sacred of all Inca sites. In legend it is the location of the birth of the nation. The origin of the Inca civilisation is shrouded in mystery. Legend has it that Manco Capac and his sister emerged from the waters of Lake Titicaca around 1200AD, created by the Sun god as founders of the Inca race.
 

http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/ioa/staff/stanish/islands/archinfo.html

 

 

The Stone Alter of El Rocque on Boliva's Sacred Island of the Sun.

 

Isla del Sol (Island of the Sun) - Lake Titicaca, Bolivia ( 7 mins)


There are no motor vehicles or paved roads on the island. Archaeologists have discovered evidence that people lived on the island as far back as the third millennium BCE. In the religion of the Incas, it was believed that the sun god was born here.

According to Inca origin myth that took place on the northern part of this island, Inca Manco Cápac is said to have emerged from a prominent crag in a large sandstone outcrop known as Titikala (the Sacred Rock). Manco Cápac is the son of Inti the Andean deity identified as the sun. In one version of the myth, the ancient people of the province were without light in the sky for many days and grew frightened of the darkness. Finally, the people saw the Sun emerge from the crag and believed it was the Sun's dwelling place.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i6FR9Afjnjw

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Magna Bowl - The Fuente Magna of Pokotia Bolivia

 

The Fuente Magna bowl was found accidentally by a worker from the CHUA Hacienda, property of the Manjon family located near Lake Titicaca about 75-80 km from the city of La Paz, Bolivia (see Photo). The site where it was found had not been studied for artifacts previously. The Fuente Magna is beautifully engraved in earthen-brown both inside and out and bears zoological motifs and anthropomorphic characters within.

The Bolivian archeologist, don Max Portugal-Zamora, learned of the Fuente Magna’s existence around 1958-1960 from his friend Pastor Manjon. Both gave the site the name it bears today, "Fuente Magna" (see Spanish account)

A controversy arose about the cuneiform script on the Fuente Magna. Dr. Alberto Marini, translated it and reported that it was Sumerian.. After a careful examination of the Fuente Magna, linear script Dr. Clyde A. Winters determined that it was probably Proto-Sumerian, which is found on many artifacts from in Mesopotamia. An identical script was used by the Elamites called Proto-Elamite.

Dr. Winters believed that researchers had been unable to read the writing because they refused to compare Proto-Elamite and Proto-Sumerian writing with other writing systems used in 3000-2000 BC. He compared the writing to the Libyco-Berber writing used in the Sahara 5000 years ago. This writing was used by the Proto-Dravidians (of the Indus Valley), Proto-Mande , Proto-Elamites and Proto-Sumerians. ...

 

http://www.faculty.ucr.edu/~legneref/archeol/fuentema.htm

 

http://www.arqueologicas.com.ar/sumerios-en-america-precolombina.htm 

 

Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact is interaction between indigenous peoples of the Americas who settled the Americas before 10,000 BC, and peoples of other continents (Africa, Asia, Europe, or Oceania), which occurred before the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean in 1492. For practical purposes, travel across the Bering Straits, or the former land bridge in the same region are excluded.

Only one instance of pre-Columbian European contact – the Norse settlement at L'Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland, Canada c. 1000 AD – is established beyond reasonable doubt.

Many further forms of pre-Columbian contact have been proposed, based on historical accounts, archaeological finds, and cultural comparisons. However, most claims of such contact are controversial and debated, due in part to much ambiguous or circumstantial evidence cited by proponents. The scientific responses to pre-Columbian contact claims range from serious consideration in peer-reviewed publications to dismissal as fringe science or pseudoarcheology.
 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pre-Columbian_trans-oceanic_contact

 

 

Totora Reed Boats – Lake Titicaca – Tiahuanaco

 

 

 

Reed Harvesting

 

 

 

 

 

Reed Boats & Huts in Lake Titicaca

 

The reed islands and boats of Lake Titicaca. The Uros people still live on their floating reed islands as they have done for over 3000 years. he islands are made of piles of thick reeds which are then anchored to the lake bed by long poles; they need monthly maintenance but a good island can last 15 years!

 

 

Uros Islands & Huts

 

 

Lake Titicaca - Floating Island and Reed Boats

http://www.thomascooktours.com/blog/the-uros-floating-islands/ 

 

 

 

 

The_Enigma_of_Tiwanaku_

and_Puma_Punku -

 Book by Brien Foerster

 

 

 

Pumapunka Site Link:

http://www.ancient-wisdom.co.uk/boliviapumapunka.htm

 

 

 

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