Sumerian Civilization

One of the first cities... of the Sume

rians,  was the very "Lagash” Their

dynasty started circa 2900 BC,

and lasted for 650 years.

 

 

Ruins of Babylon in Baghdad, Iraq

 

 

Mesopotamian Ziggurat at Ur,

c. 2100 B.C

 

 

 

 

 

The ruins of Mari, a Sumerian city

from the early third millennium B.C.E.

The ruins are located along the banks

of the Euphrates River on the border

between Iraq and Syria.

 

Sumerian Ruins of Uruk.- Iraq /or Mesopotomia,

 

Ruins  of the Ziggurat of Ur, Southern

 Iraq 4,500-Year Old Sumerian Temple

Found in Ur

 

 


Sumer

Sumerian Civilization was discovered on 1890 .
 
Sumer (from Akkadian Šumeru; Sumerian, approximately "land of the civilized lords" or "native land" was a civilization and historical region in southern Mesopotamia, modern Iraq during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age. Although the earliest historical records in the region do not go back much further than ca. 2500 BC, modern historians have asserted that Sumer was first settled between ca. 4500 and 4000 BC by a non-Semitic people who possibly did not speak the Sumerian language (pointing to the names of cities, rivers, basic occupations, etc. as evidence). These conjectured, “prehistoric people” are now called "proto-Euphrateans" or " Ubaidians",[ and are theorized to have evolved from the Samarra culture of northern Mesopotamia.The Ubaidians were the first civilizing force in Sumer, draining the marshes for agriculture, built two or more-story buildings, and a City with street design, having codes of laws, developing trade, and establishing industries, including weaving, leatherwork, metalwork, masonry, language, grammar and literature, wrote recipes, beer-making, art, music and musical instruments, and, spinning-wheel pottery – as well as a Star Chart and the knowledge of our Planetary system and a Mathematical system.
 
Sumerian civilization took form in the Uruk period (4th millennium BC), Native Sumerian rule re-emerged for about a century in the third dynasty of Ur (Sumerian Renaissance) of the 21st to 20th centuries BC. The cities of Sumer were the first civilization to practice intensive, year-round agriculture, by perhaps c. 5000 BC showing the use of core agricultural techniques, including large-scale intensive cultivation of land, mono-cropping, organized irrigation, and the use of a specialized labour force. The surplus of storable food created by this economy allowed the population to settle in one place, instead of migrating after crops and grazing land. It also allowed for a much greater population density, and in turn required an extensive labour force and division of labour. Sumer was also the site of early development of writing on clay tables – Cuneiform, and the creation of “Cylinder Seals” made in stones, as a printing press utensil, progressing from a stage of proto-writing in the mid 4th millennium BC to writing proper in the third millennium. As it was the use (or even the invention) of the wheel. – And that all of this “Civilization”, with Kings and Priests, came basically out of no-where, there is no evidence of it being a gradual development of a civilization, that it was just previously a primitive society of hunters and gatherers. A developed society just seem to “appear”!!!
 
Sumerian Civilization
http://www.strayreality.com/Lanis_Strayreality/sumerian_civilization.htm 

http://history-world.org/ancient_civilization.htm 


Sumerian photos:

http://www.google.com/images?hl=en&rlz=1T4GGLL_enUS327US328&q

=sumerian+photos&um=1&ie=UTF-8&source=univ&sa=X&ei=

BIaTTbX3AdKltwe01JVk&ved=0CCcQsAQ 

 

Map of Sumer

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sumerian - Origin of Humans ( 31 mins)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gr06xrpWd6o&feature=related 

 

The Origins of Human Beings according to ancient Sumerian Texts
 
http://www.ancient-origins.net/human-origins-folklore/origins-human-beings-according-ancient-sumerian-texts-0065


Sumerians and the Anunnaki. Presentation By Zecharia Sitchin (1 Hr: 52 mins)

This is a Presentation by the late and Great Zecharia Sitchin about his over 70 years of reseach. Zecharia Sitchin (July 11, 1920 -- October 9, 2010) was an Azerbaijani-born American author of books promoting an explanation for human origins involving ancient astronauts. Sitchin attributes the creation of the ancient Sumerian culture to the Anunnaki, which he states was a race of extra-terrestrials from a planet beyond Neptune called Nibiru. He believed this hypothetical planet of Nibiru to be in an elongated, elliptical orbit in the Earth's own Solar System, asserting that Sumerian mythology reflects this view.
 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h0bORfkTzXQ
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uVidhmB0Fho&feature=related\ 
 

 

http://www.sitchin.com/
 

 

Sumerian Solar System

 

 

 

“Humans and Anunnaki “

 

 

 

 

 

Sumerian Figurines & Tablets

 

Anunnaki, "Those Who From Heaven To Earth Came" (Sumerian);

http://www.britishmuseum.org/


 http://www.britishmuseum.org/whats_on/international_tours/art_and_empire.aspx
 
http://drakenberg.weebly.com/anunnaki.html

 
A Brief History and Facts of the Anunnaki and Sumerians – Article

 

"And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth...

That the sons of Godsaw the daughters of men that they were fair;

and they took them wives of all which they chose.
There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that,

when the sons of God camein unto the daughters of men,

and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men
which were of old, men of renown." (Genesis 6:1-2,4.)

 

http://www.cdagro.com/history/anun.html

 

Anunnaki Timeline

 
http://extraterrestrialcontact.com/wordpress/2012/02/10/anunnaki-timeline-by-sasha-lessin-ph-d/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sumerian Tablets with Solar System with 11 Planets

Sumerian Culture and the Annunaki

http://www.hotspotsz.com/Sumerian_Culture_and_the_Annunaki_(Article-2620).html
 

http://www.hotspotsz.com/Sumerian_Culture_and_the_Annunaki_(Article-2620).html 
 

 Did the Annunaki Modify our DNA?


 
http://ecofriendlyconsult.com/did-the-annunaki-modify-our-dna/
  

 Nibiru and the Anunnaki - Planet X Video ( 10 mins)

 - Planet X Video by Robert Sepehr - Return of Nibiru and the Anunnaki

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bUvjPX2hWIs&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

http://www.mushroomstone.com/fleurdelis.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other figurines of Sumerian deities depict distinctively Reptilian Types:

Di Cesare went on to show a slide which featured a group of Mesopotamian figurines that he said were Anunnaki, the Sumerian pantheon of lesser gods.- We must not forget, however, that some of these ideas, especially the human origin of the Watchers of Eden and the Anunnaki, were explored originally by Christian O’Brien in his landmark book GENIUS OF THE FEW, first published in 1985.

 

   

Female reptilian-like deity with child, Ubaid period 5000BC Mesopotamia

 

Two terracotta figurines from Ur, Ubaid period early 4th millennium BC

http://ancientaliens.5u.com/photo.html 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Enki is a god in Sumerian Mythology

 

…later known as Ea in Akkadian and Babylonian mythology. He was originally patron god of the city of Eridu, but later the influence of his cult spread throughout Mesopotamia and to the Canaanites, Hittites and Hurrians. He was the deity of crafts (gašam); mischief; water, seawater, lakewater (a, aba, ab), intelligence (gestú, literally "ear") and creation (Nudimmud: nu, likeness, dim mud, make bear). He was associated with the southern band of constellations called stars of Ea, but also with the constellation AŠ-IKU, the Field (Square of Pegasus).[1] His sacred number name was "40".

 

A large number of myths about Enki have been collected from many sites, stretching from Southern Iraq to the Levantine coast. He figures in the earliest extant cuneiform inscriptions throughout the region and was prominent from the third millennium down to Hellenistic times.

 

The exact meaning of his name is uncertain: the common translation is "Lord of the Earth": the Sumerian en is translated as a title equivalent to "lord"; it was originally a title given to the High Priest; ki means "earth"; but there are theories that ki in this name has another origin, possibly "kig" of unknown meaning, or kur meaning "mound". The name Ea is allegedly Hurrian in origin while others claim that it is possibly of Semitic origin and may be a derivation from the West-Semitic root *hyy meaning "life" in this case used for "spring", "running water." In Sumerian E-A means "the house of water", and it has been suggested that this was originally the name for the shrine to the God at Eridu.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enki

 

God ENKI - Summerian Gods

http://www.crystalinks.com/sumergods.html
  

Enki Sumerian Tablet Translation Ch.1- 1 of 6

This is a video series, i would suggest purchasing "The Lost Book of Enki”, by mr. Zecharia Sitchin" to anyone who is interested in this story,


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wiLnfyfh-3s

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Winged Anunnaki God – Sumerian – The Bird or Reptilian Figures…

 

 

 

Detail of a Sumerian woman   

playing a harp.

 

 

Royal lyre: Several lyres were found in

the Royal Tombs of Ur, along with the

bodies of the women who played them.

 

 

 

Average Statues height 42 cm

 

Ancient Sumerian art has always been the statuettes from the Square Temple at Eshnunna (ca. 2700 BC; Tell Asmar, Iraq). Many of these statuettes have been found beneath the floor of the temple Most figures are dressed in the form of priests or priestesses, and they have their hands clasped in constant prayer.

 

 

 

 

Nammu and Enki, mother of the world and father of humankind: According to the Sumerians, Nammu,

 the Primordial Sea Goddess, was the

 first to exist and hence, the creator of

all things. She began by giving birth

 to An, the Sky God, and Ki, the Earth Goddess. She also was mother to

 Enki, the God of Water and Wisdom.

 

 

 

The Sumerians invented, among other things, the stairstep pyramid temples called ziggurats, the wheel, and, perhaps most importantly for our purposes, writing. One of the things they liked to write about, naturally, was the activities of their gods and goddesses. The first written tales of creation were recorded by the Sumerians and who did they say created the world? A goddess. Nammu, the mother of all things, Goddess of the Primordial Sea, created the heavens and earth from her own body long before Yahweh had ever been heard of. Thousands of years before, in fact, as this civilization dates to about 3,500 BC. For comparison, Father Abraham is said to have lived about 1,800 BC in the Biblical narrative, around the time that Sumer was taken over by Babylon. Scholars debate the authenticity of this tale, though. Some say that, rather than a legendary patriarch, Abraham was a literary fiction created by Jewish priests while the nation of Judah (southern Israel) was in exile in Babylon in the 5th and 6th centures BC.

 

http://thequeenofheaven.wordpress.com/page/3/

 

Sumerian Creation Myth


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumerian_creation_myth

 

 

 

 

The eight-pointed star, a symbol of Inanna/Ishtar, who is identified with

the Morning and Evening Star (known

to us as the planet Venus)

 

 

 

Enheduana - The First Poet

 

The oldest literature known to man, the oldest written poetry we have yet discovered, was written by a woman. The topic about which this female poet wrote the most was the goddess Inanna, Queen of Heaven, Goddess of Love and War, who was the Morning and Evening Star, sister of the sun and daughter of the moon.

 

Who was the poet? Enheduana, whose name means literally “lady (or priestess) ornament of An (heaven)” was a princess and high priestess of the Moon God Nanna in ancient Sumer (in Mesopotamia, now Iraq) during the period when a group called the Akkadians had seized control. She lived from 2285-2250 BC,

 

 

 

 

Lyricist and Singer - Sumer

 

   

The Global Flood from the Oldest Archeology on Earth

 

http://www.noahs-ark.tv/noahs-ark-flood-creation-stories-myths-sumerian-kings-list-cuneiform-tablet-kish-cush-utu-hegal-of-uruk-2119bc.htm 
 

 

 

  Wheels and Chariots

 

 

 

The Invention of the Wheel
Evidence of wheeled vehicles appears from the mid 4th millennium BC, near-simultaneously in Mesopotamia, the Northern Caucasus (Maykop culture) and Central Europe, so that the question of which culture originally invented the wheeled vehicle remains unresolved and under debate.
 

Early chariots on the Standard of Ur, ca. 2600 BC.

 

 

  Sumerian Star Chart

 

 

 

 

 

Sumerian Star Chart - Sky Map of Ancient Nineveh 3300 BC


A reproduction of a Sumerian star map or "planisphere" recovered from the 650BC underground library of Ashurbanipal in Nineveh, Iraq in the late 19th century. Long thought to be an Assyrian tablet, computer analysis has matched it with the sky above Mesopotamia in 3300BC and proves it to be of much more ancient Sumerian origin. The tablet is an "Astrolabe", the earliest known astronomical instrument. It usually consisted of a segmented, disc shaped star chart with marked units of angle measure inscribed upon the rim. Unfortunately considerable parts of the planisphere are missing ( approx 40%), damage which dates to the sacking of Nineveh. The reverse of the tablet is not inscribed. Still under study by modern scholars, the planisphere provides extraordinary proof of the existence of Sumerian astronomy...and a very sophisticated astronomy at that. 138mm x 8mm thick.


http://historicconnections.webs.com/mesopotamia.htm

 

 

 

 

 

The Seven Tablets of Creation - Anunnaki - Original Creation Tale Of Man


The Seven Tablets of Creation

http://www.sacred-texts.com/ane/stc/index.htm


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumerian_creation_myth
 

Sumerian Tablets of Creation – (7:26 mins)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nd23QJ1ZfjI

 

 

 

Pictographs, the precursor to

cuneiform writing.

Shulgi commemorative tablet. To

 King and Goddess…

 

 

 

 

 

Sumerian "writing tokens". Each

 token represents a different

commodity.

  

 

Sumerian Cuneiform - Ancient Writing and Cylinder Seals

 

                        

Development of ancient writing, from pictograph to cuneiform   ANCIENT SUMERIAN BIOTECH (ATLANTIUM)
 

This skilfully inscribed ancient cuneiform cone is an important piece of ancient Sumerian history.

 

Mesopotamian stone Cylinder Seals form an image through the use rolllin it out on wet clay, as a re-usable “Printing Press”

 

Sumerian Writing – Invention and Evolution

http://sumerianshakespeare.com/1025056.html

 

 

 

 

 

Facts About Ancient Mesopotamia

  • *The wheel was invented in Mesopotamia. It developed from the pottery wheel.

  • *The Mesopotamians were the first to produce fired painted pottery.

  •  *Irrigation was developed in Mesopotamia.

  • *The Great Flood appears in early Mesopotamian mythology.

  • *Sumerians traded with people as far away as eastern Afghanistan.

  •  *The coastline in ancient times was located beside the site of Ur, many miles from its current location.

 http://www.squidoo.com/HistoryofMesopotamia?utm_source=google&utm_medium=imgres&utm_campaign=framebuster
 

 

        Zecharia Sitchin
 

 

 

Books:
“Earth Chronicles” 7 volumes

& a total of 14 Books >>>
 
DVDs:

Are We Alone in the Universe?

- 1978 on DVD 2003

 

 

 

 

 

Zecharia Sitchin – Researcher & Expert in Sumeria & Author

– The Anunnaki

 

Zecharia Sitchin (July 11, 1920 – October 9, 2010) was an Azerbaijani-born American author of books promoting an explanation for human origins involving ancient astronauts. Sitchin attributes the creation of the ancient Sumerian culture to the Anunnaki, which he states was a race of extra-terrestrials from a planet beyond Neptune called Nibiru. He believed this hypothetical planet of Nibiru to be in an elongated, elliptical orbit in the Earth's own Solar System, asserting that Sumerian mythology reflects this view. Sitchin's books have sold millions of copies worldwide and have been translated into more than 25 languages. - Sitchin's hypotheses are not accepted by scientists and academics, who dismiss his work as pseudoscience and pseudohistory. Sitchin's work has been criticized for flawed methodology and mistranslations of ancient texts as well as for incorrect astronomical and scientific claims
 

http://www.sitchin.com/

 

The Anunnaki

 

By now I would think that most people have heard of the Sumerian translations of Zecharia Sitchin. The ancient Sumerians left clay tablets telling of their history, Sitchin is said to have translated these.The tablets tell of aliens coming to Earth and mining for Gold. These aliens were giants and says that these aliens were called Anunnaki from the planet Nibiru, a planet that although is in our solar system, has a large elliptical orbit that takes thousands of years to complete.
 

Zecharia Sitchin interview Part 1 ( mins)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-fVL4Ly1hmg&feature=related


The Sumerians & The Annunaki P 1/ 4 ( 9:45 mins)


Was the human race created by beings from distant space? Humanity has for long grappled with the truth about its beginnings. What if the question of our origins falls outside the realm of social acceptability, what would happen to our culture if we were to discover that we as a race are no more than the result of a genetic experiment conducted by a superior form?- Comments by Zakarias Sitchin


 - About Planet X – or Nibiru that circles the Solar System every 3600 years…
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gpg9jXGgyvg&feature=related

 

Sitchin & Anunnaki 1/6

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kklukatjDw4&feature=related 

 

 

 

 

 

Sumerians and the Anunnaki. Presentation By Zecharia Sitchin  ( 1 Hr: 52 mins)

 

Zecharia Sitchin (July 11, 1920 -- October 9, 2010) was an Azerbaijani-born American author of books promoting an explanation for human origins involving ancient astronauts. Sitchin attributes the creation of the ancient Sumerian culture to the Anunnaki, which he states was a race of extra-terrestrials from a planet beyond Neptune called Nibiru. He believed this hypothetical planet of Nibiru to be in an elongated, elliptical orbit in the Earth's own Solar System, asserting that Sumerian mythology reflects this view. Sitchin's books have sold millions of copies worldwide and have been translated into more than 26 languages.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vI7m-nFB4CM


The Cosmic Code: The Sixth Book of "The Earth Chronicles" – “History’sTimeline” - by Zecharia Sitchin


http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sitchin/esp_sitchin_0.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Anunnaki explained by Sheldan Nidle ( 12 mins)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uos5qcnsWtg

Lost Human History according to Sheldon Nidle and Others

http://home.comcast.net/~georgesaunders/ancient.html

 

A Great Web site dedicated to the Sumerian Culture – History – Art

http://sumerianshakespeare.com/
 

Many Sumerian Images >>

http://sumerianshakespeare.com/71412.html
 

 

 

 

 

 

Sumerian clues to DNA change ( 10 mins)

 

A look at how the proof is there that our DNA has been genetically altered externally,

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x9KVBBwAp5g

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sumerian religion

 

Sumerian religion is the mythology, pantheon, rites, and cosmology of the Sumerian civilization. The Sumerian religion influenced Mesopotamian mythology as a whole, surviving in the mythologies and religions of the Hurrians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Assyrians, and other culture groups.

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumerian_religion

 

 

 

 

The stark resemblance between Biblical and Sumerian creation stories poses some serious questions.

 

 


 

 

 

History Begins at Sumer: Thirty-Nine Firsts in Recorded History

by Samuel Noah Kramer

 

Which civilization had the first system of law? The first formal educational system? The first tax cut? The first love song? The answers were found in excavations of ancient Sumer, a society so developed, resourceful, and enterprising that it, in a sense, created history. The book presents a cross section of the Sumerian "firsts" in all the major fields of human endeavor, including government and politics, education and literature, philosophy and ethics, law and justice, agriculture and medicine, even love and family.

History Begins at Sumer is the classic account of the achievements of the Sumerians, who lived in what is now southern Iraq during the third millennium B.C. They were the developers of the cuneiform system of writing, perhaps their greatest contribution to civilization, which allowed laws and literature to be recorded for the first time.

 

Other books on this subject >>>

http://ashraf62.wordpress.com/2012/08/19/hebrew-bible-plagiarized-mythology-and-defaced-monotheism/

 

http://www.amazon.com/History-Begins-Sumer-Thirty-Nine-Recorded/dp/0812212762 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Mesopotamian Civilizations

 

 

  Persepolis

 

Place of Darius

 

 

 

 

 

Persepolis - Apadana

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Persepolis

 

Persepolis was founded by Darius I in 518 B.C., as the capital of the Achaemenid Empire. It was constructed on an immense half-artificial, half-natural terrace, where the king of kings created an impressive palace complex inspired by Mesopotamian predesessors. The earliest remains date from around 515 BC. To the ancient Persians, the city was called Parsa, which means “The City of Persians.” It is believed that Cyrus the Great chose the site of Persepolis, but that Darius the Great built the great palaces. The reasons behind the construction of the city were the need for a majestic atmosphere as a symbol for their empire, and to celebrate special events. The wealth of Persia was to be visible in every aspect of its construction. Persepolis was an imperial showcase.
 

Darius called upon architects and artisans from every corner of the world, from Libya and Egypt to India, from the Danube to the Indus, from the Caucasus Mountains to the Asiatic Steppes and from the Aral Sea to work together with Persian architects to create something never before seen yet unmistakably Persian. The new capital was known for its stunning inscriptions, unique architecture and wooden columns made of tall Lebanese cedars and Indian teak trees. Persepolis was built on top of a large man-made terrace. Access to the terrace was by a wide double staircase, and through the Gate of All Nations, featuring two pairs of colossal human-headed winged bulls. Construction projects at Persepolis continued throughout the Achaemenid period with major projects from Darius, Xerxes, and Artaxerxes I and III. Once known as the richest city under the sun, it was destroyed by Alexander the Great in 330 BC.

 

Among the few recovered objects are a number of clay tablets. They provide valuable information about how the kings treated their Persepolis workers. These inscriptions show workers were not slaves and were paid for their labor. They also show that Persepolis workers had female supervisors called chiefs, who were sometimes paid twice as much as men and received special maternity benefits. The Achaemenid Empire was one of the world’s first ‘progressive’ societies. In the words of Darius, “… I will not tolerate that the weak shall suffer injustices brought upon them by the mighty. What is just pleases me. … You, my subjects, must not assume what the powerful undertake as sublime. What the common man achieves is much more extraordinary.”
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persepolis

http://www.livius.org/pen-pg/persepolis/persepolis.html

http://www.wondermondo.com/Countries/As/Iran/Fars/Persepolis.htm 


   

 

 

 

 

Persepolis Ancient Site Plan

 

 

 

If one compares Persepolis to the

 marvels of modern architecture

it becomes clear: not that much

has been achieved over the last 2500

 years. The overall quality of the

 planning, construction and

craftmanship in Persepolis is

comparable to the achievements

 of modern architecture

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Persepolis (Persia/Iran) -The Richest Ancient City Under The Sun! ( 41 mins)

 

Magnificent Persepolis (Takht-e Jamshid; admission IR5000; 7.30am-5pm Nov-Mar, 8am-6pm summer) embodies the greatest successes of the ancient Achaemenid Empire... And its final demise. The monumental staircases, exquisite reliefs and imposing gateways leave you in no doubt how grand this city was and how totally dominant the empire that built it. Equally, the broken and fallen columns attest that the end of empire was emphatic. Persepolis is a result of the vast body of skill and knowledge gathered from throughout the Achaemenids' empire. It is Persian in ideology and design, but truly international in its superb architecture and artistic execution.

 

This multicultural concoction is alone in the ancient world, and while largely ruined it remains the greatest surviving masterpiece of the ancient Near Eastern civilizations.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lxOayP9-XR4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lost Worlds - Persepolis ( 48 mins)

 

One of the impressive locations of the ancient world, Persepolis was burnt and destroyed by Alexander the Great in 330 BC and lay forgotten for over 2000 years. This film travels to Iran to bring Persepolis back to life and investigate the complexities of the Persian empire that was responsible for creating this city.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PXdyoRKvpyc

 

 

Excavation of the tombs. This

photograph gives some idea of

the depth to which some of the

 tombs were buried.

 

Entrance to a tomb.

Ur-Namma (left) in the presence of Enlil,

with the Tree of Life between them

 

 

The Royal Tomb of Ur

http://sumerianshakespeare.com/509245/509266.html

 

The Royal Game of Ur: The board is

 made of wood, with inlays of shell,

red limestone and lapis lazuli.

It has twenty squares.  

 

 

 

Queen Pu-abi with Royal Jewels

 

 

 

Queen Pu-abi:


 Most of the spectacular treasures from The Royal Tombs of Ur came from her burial chamber, which hadn't already been looted by grave robbers. Queen Pu-abi was less than five feet tall, and she was about 40 years old when she died. Her headdress is supported by a large wig. The headdress was reconstructed by Leonard Woolley's wife, Katherine. The face was modeled on the features of a local woman living near where the tombs were discovered.

 

The Standard of Ur, "war side". 2,113 B.C.E.—Ur-Nammu enthroned in Ur . Terah moves to Ur to liaison with royal court.
 

Queen Pu-abi's cylinder seals: She was found with three cylinder seals which had been pinned to her cloak. The cylinder seals are made of lapis lazuli. – The seals impressions depicts a banquet.

 

The Rise of Civilization – The Art of the Ancient Near East

http://www.scribd.com/doc/59922462/ARTID111-Ancient-Near-East-Art-Part-1 
 

 

 

 

Nimrud was the Assyrian city of

 Khalah, on the Tigris river. It was

the capital of the king Ashurnasirpal

 II, who built the great royal palace.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Royal Palace at Nimrud
 

Tiglath-Pileser, a powerful king of Assyria, built a royal palace at Nimrud in northern Iraq. Its principal rooms and courtyards were decorated with large relief sculptures designed to awe visitors to his court. The king's power and majesty were expressed in scenes of war, the hunt, and solemn court ceremonies. In this relief Tiglath-Pileser, wearing a tall headdress and holding a bow, is receiving three courtiers; a helmeted warrior prostrates himself at the king's feet. Behind the royal figure stands a servant with a fly whisk. Horizontal lines of a cuneiform inscription describing a military campaign run just above the heads of the figures.
 
Nimrud is an ancient Assyrian city located south on the river Tigris in modern Iraq. In ancient times the city was called Kalhu. The Arabs called the city Nimrud after the Biblical Nimrod, a legendary hunting hero - The city covered an area of around 16 square miles (41 km2). Ruins of the city are found in modern day Iraq, some 30 kilometres (19 mi) southeast of Mosul. The ruins are located in the District of Al Hamdaniya, within 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) of the village of Noomanea.

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nimrud

 

            

Nimrod - Copper Portrait         Ashur the National God of Assyria

 

Restored Adad Gate

 

Mashki Gate. Reconstructed

 

After 2,700 years, the walls and

gates of ancient Nineveh can

still be seen near the banks of

the Tigris river just opposite

the modern city of Mosul in Iraq.

In ancient times, it was the capital

of the great Assyrian empire, a city

 of more than 100,000 people..

 

 

The Royal Palace at Nineveh

 

The Winged Bull and the Winged Lion

 with Human Heads at the Gates

 

Simplified plan of ancient Nineveh

showing city wall and location

of gateways.

 

 

 

 

Nineveh - Ancient Capital of Assyria (Iraq )
 
Nineveh (Akkadian: Ninwe; Arabic: Naynuwa;) was an ancient Assyrian city on the eastern bank of the Tigris River, and capital of the Neo Assyrian Empire. Its ruins are across the river from the modern-day major city of Mosul, in the Ninawa Governorate of Iraq.

The origin of the name Nineveh is obscure. Possibly it meant originally the seat of Ishtar, since Nina was one of the Babylonian names of that goddess. The ideogram means "house or place of fish," and was perhaps due to popular etymology (comp. Aramaic "nuna," denoting "fish").

Ancient Nineveh's mound-ruins of Kouyunjik and Nabī Yūnus are located on a level part of the plain near the junction of the Tigris and the Khosr Rivers within a 7 km˛ (1732 acres) area circumscribed by a 12-kilometre (7.5 mi) brick rampart. This whole extensive space is now one immense area of ruins overlaid in parts by new suburbs of the city of Mosul.
Nineveh was an important junction for commercial routes crossing the Tigris. Occupying a central position on the great highway between the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean, thus uniting the East and the West, wealth flowed into it from many sources, so that it became one of the greatest of all the region's ancient cities, and the capital of the Neo Assyrian Empire.

http://www.flickr.com/photos/james_gordon_los_angeles/6345972465/

 

British archaeologist Sir Henry Layard. Layard is best known for his "discovery" and subsequent excavation of Nineveh, the capital of the Assyrian Empire which flourished in Mesopotamia in the 9th and 8th centuries B.C.E. - Today, Nineveh's location is marked by two large mounds, Kouyunjik and Nabī Yūnus "Prophet Jonah", and the remains of the city walls (about 12 kilometres in circumference).

 

 

Excavations at the Ruins of Nineveh

 

http://ancientroadpublications.com/Studies/BiblicalStudies/BiblicalIraq.html


http://everyhistory.org/5-5.html


22,000 Clay tablets with cuneiform writing, a Library, discovered in the ruins of the Assyrian King Ashurbanipal's library in the Nineveh, and the Story of Gilgames & the Great Flood, were destroyed later by the Persioans. the Clay. The diagram on the lower two thirds of the tablet is a map of the world, showing the ocean surrounding all land and the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers running through the middle.

 

   

http://transnarrative.wordpress.com/2011/03/04/storytelling-2/ 

 

 

 

 

 

Assyrian Queens Jewelry

 

Joined by a clasp in the shape of entwined animal heads, this finely worked gold necklace is one of six retrieved from a tomb containing the personal items and remains of two Assyrian queens. A total of 157 objects, including a gold anklet weighing more than two pounds, were found in the tomb, one of three discovered during an excavation at a palace in the ancient city of Nimrud in Iraq. The tombs, which are thought to date from the eighth century B.C., contained an astonishing amount of riches—more than 50 pounds of gold and semiprecious stones.

http://discovermagazine.com/2002/oct/feattreasure

Ancient Mesopotamian Jewelry

 

 

In Assyria, men and women, both wore extensive amounts of jewelry

 

http://jewelsnext.com/blog/?p=440

 

 

Babylon - Royal Palace - This is

the  main royal palace of

Neobabilonian period.

 

 

 

 

The reconstructed front portion of the

 Ishtar Gate in the Pergamon Museum

in Berlin.  - The wing of the Pergamon museum Uruk, Babylonia.

 

 

Babylon, Iraq

 

http://www.atlastours.net/iraq/babylon.html

In part due to Enheduana’s efforts, the Queen of Heaven would enjoy lasting popularity throughout the Middle East for thousands of years. Sumerian and Babylonian stories would be written explaining how Inanna stole the wisdom of her uncle Enki, and how she descended to Hell and returned to tell the tale.

 

http://thequeenofheaven.wordpress.com/page/3/

 

 

The Lion of Babylon

 

 

 

 

 

 

Babylon: A Wonder of the Ancient World - Dec 2011 ( 53 mins)

 

The Armand Brunswick Distinguished Lectures in Archaeology of the Raymond and Beverly Sackler Foundation

Dr. John E. Curtis, OBE FBA Keeper of Special Middle East Projects, The British Museum The lecture will be dedicated to the memory of Dr. Donny George Youkhanna, former Director of the Iraq Museum.

 

\http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SPazqLjBHNw 

 

 

 

Babylon in 1932

 

 

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
If they existed, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon would be the second oldest of the ancient wonders. Built in the 6th century, the gardens are long gone. Some scholars argue that the reason there's no record of them is precisely because they were gardens -- plants and flowers are living things that eventually die. Even if the structure on which the gardens were affixed remains, it could very well be in unrecognizable ruins.
 
Babylon (Arabic: بابل, Babil; Akkadian: Bābili(m);[1] Sumerian logogram: KÁ.DINGIR.RAKI;[1] Hebrew: בָּבֶל, Bābel;[1] Greek: Βαβυλών, Babylōn) was an Akkadian city-state (founded in 1867 BC by an Amorite dynasty) of ancient Mesopotamia, the remains of which are found in present-day Al Hillah, Babylon Province, Iraq, about 85 kilometers (55 mi) south of Baghdad. All that remains of the original ancient famed city of Babylon today is a mound, or tell, of broken mud-brick buildings and debris in the fertile Mesopotamian plain between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The city itself was built upon the Euphrates, and divided in equal parts along its left and right banks, with steep embankments to contain the river's seasonal floods.

 

   
 

 

 

 

 

Ancient Mesopotamia: The Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians
(People of the Ancient World Series)
Book By Virginia Schomp
 
In an area known as Mesopotamia, three ancient civilizations thrived. The Sumerians formed the first cities and developed the first system of written language. The Babylonians created rules of law, the most famous of which is the Code of Hammurabi. The Assyrians showed their military strength through conquest and established the first cavalry units, or soldiers fighting on horseback.
This book explores the cultures of ancient Mesopotamia through their social structure. It takes a look at the people and details the duties of a king, the activities of a peasant farmer, and much more. It also describes some of the discoveries and writings that have led to our present-day understanding of this fascinating civilization.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assyrian Winged Bull - Wall Plaque

 

 

Lost Civilisations - 01 – Mesopotamia: Return to Eden ( 50 mins)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h534FTPHQoY&feature=related

The Rise of the Sumerians - Article

http://xenohistorian.faithweb.com/neareast/ne01.html

 

 

 

 

 

Anunnaki The Movie Planet X 2012 – Trailer ( 2 mins)

 

Anunnaki Lost Book Of Enki. Elohim Sumerian gods Nephilim Anakim People who came from Heaven to Earth Hundreds of Thousands of years ago and gave birth to Humanity. Learn here , The Angels, Gods, Giants

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O5WROlf-XYQ

 

       

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