The Ruins of Troy
 
Troy; was a city, both factual and legendary, located in northwest Anatolia in what is now Turkey, southeast of the Dardanelles and beside Mount Ida. It is best known for being the setting of the Trojan War described in the Greek Epic Cycle and especially in the Iliad, one of the two epic poems attributed to Homer. Metrical evidence from the Iliad and the Odyssey seems to show that the name Ἴλιον (Ilion) formerly began with a digamma: Ϝίλιον (Wilion). This was later supported by the Hittite form Wilusa.
 
 A new city called Ilium was founded on the site in the reign of the Roman Emperor Augustus. It flourished until the establishment of Constantinople and declined gradually during the Byzantine era.
 
 In 1865, English archaeologist Frank Calvert excavated trial trenches in a field he had bought from a local farmer at Hisarlık, and in 1868, Heinrich Schliemann, wealthy German businessman and archaeologist, also began excavating in the area after a chance meeting with Calvert in Çanakkale. These excavations revealed several cities built in succession. Schliemann was at first skeptical about the identification of Hissarlik with Troy, but was persuaded by Calvert and took over Calvert's excavations on the eastern half of the Hissarlik site, which was on Calvert's property. Troy VII has been identified with the Hittite Wilusa, the probable origin of the Greek Ἴλιον, and is generally (but not conclusively) identified with Homeric Troy.
 
 Today, the hill at Hisarlik has given its name to a small village near the ruins, supporting the tourist trade visiting the Troia archaeological site.[7] It lies within the province of Çanakkale, some 30 km south-west of the provincial capital, also called Çanakkale.
 
Heinrich Schliemann
 
In 1868, Schliemann visited Calvert and secured permission to excavate Hisarlık. In 1871–73 and 1878–79, he excavated the hill and discovered the ruins of a series of ancient cities dating from the Bronze Age to the Roman period. Schliemann declared one of these cities — at first Troy I, later Troy II — to be the city of Troy, and this identification was widely accepted at that time. Schliemann's finds at Hisarlık have become known as Priam's Treasure. They were acquired from him by the Berlin museums, but significant doubts about their authenticity
Although it is widely believed that Heinrich Schliemann was responsible for starting archaeology on his own with the discovery of Troy, this is inaccurate. Schliemann became interested in digging at the mound of Hisarlık at the persuasion of Frank Calvert. The British diplomat, considered a pioneer for the contributions he made to the archaeology of Troy, spent more than 60 years in the Troad (modern day Biga peninsula, Turkey) conducting field work. As a principal authority on field archaeology in the region, Calvert's findings supplied evidence that Homeric Troy might exist in the hill, playing a major role in directing Heinrich Schliemann to dig at the Hisarlık.
 

 

 

 

The walls of Troy slowly revealed

 

 

 

Archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann Sketching Ruins of Troy

Later excavations discovered traces of much earlier settlement of the area that date back 5000 of years BC.

 

 http://www.usu.edu/markdamen/1320Hist&Civ/chapters/04TROY.htm

 

 

 

 

Model of Troy City Ruins Excavations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

He'd found the famous  trove of jewels

and gold buried in a chest.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Ruins of Troy  ( 5 mins)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FEwfAPMh24g

 

Troy has 4,000 years of history and is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world, mostly because of the siege of Troy by the Spartans as described in the Illiad by Homer. The site has been extremely important in discovering the roots of European culture and of course the effect it has had on the creative arts thanks to Homer. It was first established as a city in the Bronze Age (4th century) and the first stone houses and walls were built around 2000 BC. Used as an important trading point in the Aegean region, it is no wonder the Greeks wanted to take it over!

http://everywheremag.com/articles/122

 

 

 

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