Minoan Frescoes

 

 

 

The Minoan Civilization – Ancient Crete

Minoan civilization was a Bronze Age civilization that arose on the island of Crete, came to dominate the shores and islands of the Aegean Sea, and flourished as a maritime power from approximately the 27th century BC to the 15th century BC. It was rediscovered at the beginning of the 20th century by British archaeologist Arthur Evans. Will Durant referred to it as "the first link in the European chain." Hominids first appeared on Crete around 800,000 BC[citation needed] during the Middle Paleolithic age. Hand-axes of the type attributed to Homo erectus in Africa, except the material is local quartz, rather than flint, have been found at Preveli Gorge in southern Crete. Archaeological evidence points to the island's settlement between the late 8th and early 7th millennia BC. However, it was not until 5000 BC that the first signs of advanced agriculture appeared. Minoan civilization is considered to have begun with the palace complexes that appeared in the Bronze Age. The relationships of the Minoans with the more ancient peoples of Crete are unknown….

 

Minoan palaces (anaktora) are the best known building types to have been excavated on the island. They are monumental buildings serving administrative purposes as evidenced by the large archives unearthed by archaeologists. Each of the palaces excavated to date has its own unique features, but they also share features which set them apart from other structures. The palaces were often multi-storied, with interior and exterior staircases, light wells, massive columns, storage magazines and courtyards….

 

Since wood and textiles have vanished through decomposition, the best preserved, and so most easily learned from, surviving examples of Minoan art are Minoan pottery, the palace architecture with its frescos that include landscapes, stone carvings, and intricately carved seal stones.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minoan_civilization

 

 

Knossos

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Knossos Palace Ruins

 

The Minoan civilization came to an end after the volcanic eruption of Santorini--the biggest in recorded history--caused a 200-ft tidal wave that swept across much of Crete and devastated Minoan farmlands along with their previously unstoppable fleet.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The ´Kouloures´ Rings Minoan Palace of Phaistos, Crete, Greece

 

The Senet and other board-games have survived, the rules of the game itself have not.

 

 

 

Phaistos Minoan Palace Ruins

The history of the Minoan palace of Phaistos, like that of the other Minoan palaces of Crete, is a turbulent one:

The first palace of Phaistos was built in circa 2000 BC. Its mythical founder was Minos himself and its first king was his brother Radamanthys.

 

In 1700 BC a strong earthquake destroyed the palace, which was rebuilt almost immediately. However, Phaistos was no longer the administrative centre of the area, an honour which passed to neighbouring Agia Triada. Phaistos continued to be the religious and cult centre of south Crete.

 

In 1450 BC there was another great catastrophe, not only in Phaistos but across the whole of Crete. The city of Phaistos recovered from the destruction, minted its own coins and continued to flourish for the next few centuries until the first century BC, when it was destroyed by neighbouring Gortys.

 

http://www.explorecrete.com/archaeology/phaistos.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malia Palace Ruins,

These unearthed remains of a Minoan palace. Malia is the third largest Minoan palace complex on Crete., and it is located East of Heraklion.

 

Malia palace reconstruction

 

 

 

 

The wine press

 

 

 

Wine and Oil Presses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minoan Ancient Frescos

A fresco from the Minoan palace at Knossos in Crete. Learn more here: (i'm too lazy to type more... :

 http://www.ancient-greece.org/archive/minoan.html

Early Minoan Period: 7000 -1000 BC

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ancient Greece: Minoan Crete ( 3 mins)

 - Minoan Crete: a short introduction

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jf9um_0l4U8

 

Knossos Crete - The palace of Knossos ( 3 mins)

 - Knossos nearby Heraklion Crete, the great Minoan palace was built gradually between 1700 and 1400 BC, with periodic rebuildings after destruction. Go and vist Crete your self.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I6JJdzsE3_A

 

Minoan Linear pictograms and script.

 

http://www.dalamatiacity.com/urantia-clues23.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Leyend of the Minotaur

 

 

 

The Minoans: Ancient Civilization of Crete ( 1Hr:40 mins)

Bettany Hughes visits Crete to recount the story one of the greatest archaeological discoveries ever made.

The tale of the Minotaur and the Labyrinth is perhaps the most compelling of all Greek myths. Just over 100 years ago, English archaeologist Arthur Evans went to the 'Minotaur's Island' to explore the roots of this myth and discovered instead a sophisticated Bronze Age civilisation that had been lost to history for thousands of years.

He called them The Minoans, and the riches of their culture astonished the world, prompting Evans to proclaim them the first civilisation of the Western World.

But was this view unduly romantic? Recent archaeological discoveries have added fascinating layers of complexity to the picture originally painted by Evans.

The Minoan civilization was a Bronze Age civilization that arose on the island of Crete and flourished from approximately the 27th century BC to the 15th century BC. It was rediscovered at the beginning of the 20th century through the work of the British archaeologist Arthur Evans. Will Durant referred to it as "the first link in the European chain." The early inhabitants of Crete settled as early as 128,000 BC, during the Middle Paleolithic age. However, it was not until 5000 BC that the first signs of advanced agriculture appeared.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MMjs3cuP_24&feature=related

 

 

The Phaistos Disc

 

 

 

 

 

The Phaistos Disc
The Phaistos Disc, is a disk of fired clay from the Minoan palace of Phaistos, possibly dating to the middle or late Minoan Bronze Age (2nd millennium BC). It is about 15 cm in diameter and covered on both sides with a spiral of stamped symbols. There are 241 tokens on the disc, comprising 45 unique signs. Many of these 45 signs represent easily identifiable every-day things. Its purpose and meaning and even its original geographical place of manufacture remain disputed, making it one of the most famous mysteries of archaeology.
The Phaistos Disc captured the imagination of amateur and professional archeologists, and many attempts have been made to decipher the code behind the disc's signs. While it is not clear that it is a script, most attempted decipherments assume that it is; most additionally assume a syllabary, others an alphabet or logography. Attempts at decipherment are generally thought to be unlikely to succeed unless more examples of the signs are found, as it is generally agreed that there is not enough context available for a meaningful analysis

The Phaistos Disc

http://www.philipcoppens.com/phaistos.html

 

 

Side A (Original).

 

 

Side B (Original).

 

 

 

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaistos_disc

 

 

 

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