Astronomy and Space Science

For Kids

 

 

 

   

 ★ Where Learning is Always Fun  ★   -   ★ Where Learning is Always Fun  ★

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earth Rotating

 

Day and Night Earth Rotation

 

 

 

Planet Earth and Moon

 

 

 

      

Sun Rising over Earth - viewed from Moon

 

Space School- Earth  ( 8 mins)

 

A fragile blue marble floating through space, Earth may seem small, but is unlike any planet ever discovered. Home to millions of species, including humans, the Earth remains a complex and fragile planet, unique in almost every way.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YMY_-xYmJvE 

 

 

\

 

 

 

 

 

Earth's Tilt and Rotation and the Four Seasons


Earth's rotation period relative to the Sun — The Ancient Greek, Eratosthenes 276 BC - 194 BC, discovered the Earth's Tilting and the Seasons.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earth#Axial_tilt_and_seasons

 

The Tilting of the Axis of Planet Earth, when it rotates around our Sun, creates the Four Seasons and that  takes a complete Year.

 

 

Earth Rotating - 24 Hours a Day - Tilting is Creating our Seasons ( 3 mins)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D3H5Tlw1Ozo&feature=related  

 

 

 

 

The World Globe

 

 

The equator is the line of latitude that is the longest and lies along the circumference of the earth, halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earth's Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn -

The Equator - The Prime Meridian -

and the Arctic  and Antarctic Circles...

 

Earth's Hemispheres

 

 

A Hemisphere is half of a sphere, or ball. People use the word to describe one half of Earth. Geographers, or people who study Earth, have divided the planet into two sets of two hemispheres. These are the Northern and Southern hemispheres and the Eastern and Western hemispheres.

 

The Diagram also shows the Cardinal Points, or Directions, of  North - South and East - West. They can be determined with a Compass .

 

    

A Compass  Rose showing the four Cardinal Directions, the four ordinal directions, plus eight further divisions. - A Magnetic Compass show the Degrees, away or towards the Magnetic North.

 

 

http://amoskeagrowing.org/Weather/compass.php

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardinal_direction

 

Cardinal Directions  - Video ( 2 mins)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ub9c7Prmuag

 

The Equator

 

The Equator is located at zero degrees latitude.  . The equator divides the planet into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. On the equator, the length of day and night are equal every day of the year - day is always twelve hours long and night is always twelve hours long. On the Equator, the sun is directly overhead at noon on the two equinoxes - near March and September 21.

 

Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn

 

The Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn each lie at 23.5 degrees latitude. The Tropic of Cancer is located at 23.5° North of the equator

 

The tropics are the two lines where the sun is directly overhead at noon on the two solstices - near June and December 21. The sun is directly overhead at noon on the Tropic of Cancer on June 21 (the beginning of summer in the Northern Hemisphere and the beginning of winter in the Southern Hemisphere) and the sun is directly overhead at noon on the Tropic of Capricorn on December 21 (the beginning of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and the beginning of summer in the Southern Hemisphere).

The reason for the location of the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn at 23.5° north and south respectively is due to the axial tilt of the Earth. The Earth is titled 23.5 degrees from the plane of the Earth's revolution around the sun each year.

 

The Arctic ( North Pole) and Antarctic ( South Pole) Circles

 

   

 

This region of the planet, north of the Arctic Circle, includes the Arctic Ocean, Greenland, Baffin Island, other smaller northern islands, and the far northern parts of Europe, Russia (Siberia), Alaska and Canada.

The Arctic Circle, incidentally, is an imaginary line located at 66º, 30'N latitude, and as a guide defines the southernmost part of the Arctic. The climate within the Circle is very cold and much of the area is always covered with ice.

 

The Antarctic Circle has mostly solid Earth under the great expansion of Ice. The the parallel of latitude that runs 66° 33′ 44″ (or 66.5622°)  south of the Equator.

 

The Polar Days and Nights

 

 

In the Arctics Summer the Sun never sets... - they have a 24 Hour Daylight. They call it the Mid-night Sun.

 

The Polar Regions experience a period of twenty-four hours' continuous daylight at least once per year, in mid-summer, - and  - a period of twenty-four hours'  continuous night time at least once per year, in mid-winter.

 

http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/polar/arctic.htm

 

Earth's Longitude and Latitude

 

                  

Longitude   ( Vertical GMT 0 Deg)     -     Latitude  ( Horizontal - Equator  0 Deg.)

 

Longitude or Meridians

 

Another imaginary line on the globe is the prime meridian. This line runs from the North Pole to the South Pole. It divides the earth in half from top to bottom. The prime meridian runs through Greenwich, England. The Eastern Hemisphere is the area from the prime meridian east to 180° of longitude. The Western Hemisphere is the area from the prime meridian west to 180° of longitude.

 

http://www.jrank.org/history/pages/8345/How-Do-I-Use-Globes-Maps.html

 

Prime Meridian


While the equator divides the Earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres,  it is the Prime Meridian at zero degrees longitude and the line of longitude opposite the Prime Meridian (near the International Date Line) at 180 degrees longitude that divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.
The Prime Meridian and all lines of longitude are completely imaginary lines and have no significance with regard to the Earth or to its relationship with the sun.

 

Latitude

 

Latitude is the angular distance of any point on Earth measured north or south of the equator in degrees, minutes and seconds.
The equator is a line going around Earth and is halfway between the North and South Poles, it is given a latitude of 0°. Values increase north of the equator and are considered positive and values south of the equator decrease and are sometimes considered negative or have south attached to them. For example, if a latitude of 30°N was given, this would mean that it was north of the equator. The latitude -30° or 30°S is a location south of the equator. On a map, these are the lines running horizontally from east-west.
Latitude lines are also sometimes called parallels because they are parallel and equidistant from each other.

 

http://geography.about.com/od/locateplacesworldwide/a/latitude.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Earth Rising over Moon -

 viewed from Moon

 

 

 

 

Moon Orbiting Earth

 

 

Earth's Moon

 

 

The moon form at the same time that the whole Solar System formed eons ago.

 

 

The Moon for Kids - Video 1/3  ( 4  mins)

 

Introduction to the Moon for kids. The Moon orbits the Earth; lunar phases; and lunar and solar eclipses. First in a series of three videos.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gHlMReTpJXw

 

The Moon for Kids 2/3   ( 4 mins)

This segment includes cultural associations with the Moon, near and far sides of the Moon, and features of the Moon include maria, mountains, and craters. Part 2 of a three-part series.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hm1eL37gDGY

 

The Moon for Kids 3/3   ( 8 mins)

Covers tides and the Moon's effects on them, then tells the story of the Apollo 11 mission. Part 3 of a three-part series.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JbxC3hmr3bY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Moon Phases or Lunar Eclipse

 

 

 

Moon Phases

 

 

 

 

http://www.lesia.obspm.fr/perso/nicolas-biver/SUN/eclipse21may2012.html

 

 

 

The Greeks named the Sun "Helios" and the Romans called it "Sol" .

 

 

The Sun's Magnetic Bursts

- or Solar Flares

 

Sun Spots

 

 

Sun's own Rotation

 

 

 

The Sun - Our Star

 

Our Sun is actually the closest star to Earth. The Sun is a massive shining sphere of hot gas.

 

Our sun is a star. It is made of gases called hydrogen and helium. It is always burning and is very hot. The outside of the sun is 11,000 degrees Fahrenheit. A REALLY hot day on earth is only 100 degrees Fahrenheit. The sun's surface is about 100 times as hot as the hottest day on earth!!!

 

The sun is very, very big. More than one million planet earths could fit inside of the sun! Our planet seems very big to us. Imagine how big the sun must be! Our sun is called a yellow dwarf star. This means it is only a medium-sized star!

Our sun is very important to us. It gives us light and heat. Without light and heat we would not be able to live.

 

http://www.manatee.k12.fl.us/sites/elementary/samoset/psgk3sun.htm

 

http://space.about.com/od/solarsystem/tp/sun10things.htm

 

Sun's own Rotation and Sun Spots

 

Solar rotation is able to vary with latitude because the Sun is composed of a gaseous plasma. The rate of rotation is observed to be fastest at the equator (latitude φ=0 deg), and to decrease as latitude increases. - Sun’s Rotations -

The period of this actual rotation is approximately 25.6 days at the equator and it increases to 31 days towards the poles...

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_rotation

 

Sun Rotating - Video  !!!!  ( 3 mins)

 

Live sun motion picture taken between April 9 - 17 2011 by the Ahead telescope of the NASA SOHO project.  - More than 6000 hi-res pictures are combined in this video.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jRyllDgaVlA

 

Rotating Sun from NASA - Video ( 1 mins)

Movie of the Sun rotating with jets of gas coming off. It shows Sun Spots and Sun Flares..

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7dfKoPsA8KQ

 

 

 

 

Sun and Planet Sizes - Comparison

 

Inner Planet Sizes - Comparison

 

 

Outer Planet Sizes - Comparison

 

 

Planet Sizes -  to Universe Comparison

 

 

 

The Sun and the Planets

 

 

 

http://www.manatee.k12.fl.us/sites/elementary/samoset/psgk3ex.htm

 

http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr161/lect/solarsys/revolution.html

 

Solar System - Elementary Science  Video  ( 2 mins)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B2qf5dsyfGE

 

The Solar System Song - Video ( 4 mins)

 

It's a song about the Sun and the planets for children of all ages.
This song was written and performed by A.J. Jenkins. Video by KidsTV123

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BZ-qLUIj_A0

 

Space School- Solar System  ( 4 mins)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mtKNH2Y2OJM

 

 

What Is The Solar System?

 

 (See Video)

The Solar System is made up of all the planets that orbit our Sun. In addition to planets, the Solar System also consists of moons, comets, asteroids, minor planets, and dust and gas.

Everything in the Solar System orbits or revolves around the Sun. The Sun contains around 98% of all the material in the Solar System. The larger an object is, the more gravity it has. Because the Sun is so large, its powerful gravity attracts all the other objects in the Solar System towards it. At the same time, these objects, which are moving very rapidly, try to fly away from the Sun, outward into the emptiness of outer space. The result of the planets trying to fly away, at the same time that the Sun is trying to pull them inward is that they become trapped half-way in between. Balanced between flying towards the Sun, and escaping into space, they spend eternity orbiting around their parent star.

How Did The Solar System form?

This is an important question, and one that is difficult for scientists to understand. After all, the creation of our Solar System took place billions of years before there were any people around to witness it. Our own evolution is tied closely to the evolution of the Solar System. Thus, without understanding from where the Solar System came from, it is difficult to comprehend how mankind came to be.

Scientists believe that the Solar System evolved from a giant cloud of dust and gas. They believe that this dust and gas began to collapse under the weight of its own gravity. As it did so, the matter contained within this could begin moving in a giant circle, much like the water in a drain moves around the center of the drain in a circle.

At the center of this spinning cloud, a small star began to form. This star grew larger and larger as it collected more and more of the dust and gas that collapsed into it.

Further away from the center of this mass where the star was forming, there were smaller clumps of dust and gas that were also collapsing. The star in the center eventually ignited forming our Sun, while the smaller clumps became the planets, minor planets, moons, comets, and asteroids.
 

http://www.kidsastronomy.com/solar_system.htm  

 

 

 

 

 

Solar System

 

 

 

 

Solar  System  with  the   Heliosphere Bubble

 

 

 

 

 

The Planets

 

 

Planet Mercury

 

Planet Venus

 

Planet Earth

 

Planet Mars

 

 Planet Jupiter

 

Planet Saturn

 

Planet Uranus

 

Planet Neptune

 

 

 

The Solar System - It has 8 Planets - Asteroids and Comets

 

The Solar System (Kids' book Video) 1/3  ( 10 mins)

 

An introduction to space, the solar system, and other things. Designed for kids,

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QTKLi_k0GNQ

 

The Solar System (Kids' book Video) 2/3  ( 10 mins)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=icq_feg3xd8

 

The Solar System (Kids' book Video) 3/3  ( 9 mins)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1zPWhdNsvWg

 

~~~

 

Planets & Solar System for Children- School Education Video  ( 8 mins)


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K5mgTBkDaCs

 

~~~

 

Counting the Planets Learning Song | Fun Learning for Kids   ( 3 mins)

 

Kids can learn to count and learn the names of the planets at the same time! This learning song for kids is fun to use for homeschool, in the classroom, kindergarten learning, or just as a fun sing along kids song.

 

PLANET COUNTING SONG:

  • Ten...nine...eight...seven...six...five...four...three...two...one -- GO!

    Mercury is one (it's closest to the sun)
    Venus is two (make a wish - it will come true)
    Earth is three (it's home for you and me)
    Mars is four (where someday we will explore)
    Jupiter is five (this planet looks alive)
    Saturn is six (those rings are playing tricks)
    Uranus is seven (spinning deep across the heaven)
    Neptune is eight (these planets sure are great)
    Pluto is nine (but Pluto's not a planet - WHAT!)

    Counting the planets --is sure a lot of fun
    Counting the planets -- let's show 'em how it's done

Let's do that again! ....

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BICyj5UxRF4 

 

 

Revolution and Rotation of the Planets

http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr161/lect/solarsys/revolution.html

 

 

Eclipse of the Sun - When the Moon passes in front of the Sun

 

 

 

Eclipse of the Sun - Animation

 

 

 

Sun's Eclipse Phases

 

 

 

Eclipse of the Sun

 

An eclipse of the sun happens whenever the moon gets between the Earth and the sun, so that the moon blocks your view of the sun. Depending on where you are standing on the Earth, you might see the sun completely blocked (as in these pictures) or only partly blocked, or you might not see it at all.

The moon passes between the Earth and the sun once every month, at the new moon, but most of the time the moon is either too high up or too low to block our view of the sun. About twice a year, the moon does get in the way of the sun, causing an eclipse.
 

http://scienceforkids.kidipede.com/physics/space/eclipsesun.htm

 

 

    

The Solar Eclipse - In and Out Phases

 

http://www.lesia.obspm.fr/perso/nicolas-biver/SUN/eclipse21may2012.html 

 

 

Comet with it's Ice Tail

 

 

 

 

 

 Asteroids

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



14 Fun Facts About Comets:

 A 15-Minute Book

By: Jeannie Meekins

 

 

 

The Comets -  Asteroids and Kuiper Belt

 

Asteroids have been in orbit around the planets Mars and Jupiter for thousands of years. Because they are nearly the same shape and are also composed of the same matter as that of planets, asteroids have been described as minor planets or planetoids. These planetoids mostly orbit in what is called the asteroid belt, which is found in the middle planets Mars and Jupiter.

 

http://cse.ssl.berkeley.edu/segwayed/lessons/cometstale/frame_orbits.html

 

 

Kuiper Belt

 

http://mail.colonial.net/~hkaiter/kidssolarsystempages/FOV1-00027882/kuiperbelt5.html

 

 

14 Fun Facts About Comets: A 15-Minute Book

 

Comets often streak across the night sky. They are fascinating flashes of light, but how much do we really know about them? Here are some things that scientists do know. Find out: What the name comet means. How comets are named. When the earliest comets were recorded. How scientists predict when a comet will return. What a comet’s tail is made of. LearningIsland.com

 

http://www.kobobooks.com/ebook/14-Fun-Facts-About-Comets/book-KS_7kY-qHkWlQqqsls93Cg/page1.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There are Billions of Stars that you can see in the Night Sky. -

You can not see them during

the Day because the Light of

 our Sun interferes with its brightness that is so near

 to us.

 

 

 

14 Fun Facts About Stars:

 A 15-Minute Book

By: Jeannie Meekins

 

 

Stars

 

Stars fill-up the Night Sky!!! You can see them in plain sight and see just a few, or you can use Telescope to see many, many more.

 

Stars are very big, but, they are really far away, that is why they seem so small in the Sky.

 

There are many different sizes of Star. Some are very huge. - Stars that big, are 1,000 times larger than the sun's diameter. The small stars are smaller than the earth.

 

Stars are huge balls of glowing gas in the sky. There are over 200 billion, billion stars in the universe. That's 200,000,000,000,000,000,000 stars. The sun is a star and the closest star to us. The next closest star is 25 million, million miles away. The largest star would take up the space between the sun and the earth and more.

 

"Star Nurseries"

 

Galaxies are made of millions of Stars. - There are "Star Nurseries" in the Galaxies. Stars are born and they also die and become something else, like when they go Nova, or, Supernova.

 

 

The first Hubble Telescope image is out, and it’s a nice one: Star formation in the spiral arm nurseries of the nearby galaxy M83 - These are "Baby Stars".

 

http://www.kidsastronomy.com/stars.htm 

 

14 Fun Facts About Stars: A 15-Minute Book

 

We see stars in the night sky as pretty, twinkling objects, but what exactly are they? A lot of the information we find out about stars, helps us understand other objects; pulsars, quasars, galaxies – even the origin of our universe. Here are some fun facts about stars. Do stars twinkle? What are stars made of? Do we know more about the inside of stars or the inside of Earth? Do stars have a life cycle? Is a dead star still a star? How do we measure the speed of stars? Find out more about stars and amaze your family and friends with these fun facts. LearningIsland.com believes in the value of children practicing reading for 15 minutes every day. Our 15-Minute Books give children lots of fun, exciting choices to read, from classic stories, to mysteries, to books of knowledge. Many books are appropriate for hi-lo readers. Open the world of reading to a child by having them read for 15 minutes a day.

 

http://www.kobobooks.com/ebook/14-Fun-Facts-About-Stars/book-Lk_UjDaOtEa4o9bRaeo7iw/page1.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Pleiades Star System

 

The Pleiades Star System or  Seven Sisters (Messier object 45 or M45), is an open star cluster containing middle-aged hot B-type stars located in the  constellation of Taurus.

 

The cluster is dominated by hot blue and extremely luminous stars that have formed within the last 100 million years.

 

 

 

 

 

Our Place in the Galaxy

 

 

Galactic Halo

 

 

The Galaxies & Galaxies Groups

 

Galaxies are Groups of Million, or Billions, of Stars

 

Our Place in the Galaxy - Sideway View

 

Groups of  Galaxies or Galaxy Clusters

 

Many Beautiful Pictures of the Galaxies >>

 

http://www.oldstarlight.com/AA%20Whats%20New.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Constellations

 

A constellation is a group of stars visible within a particular region of the night sky. Some were named after animals and some mythological characters. Some constellations were named after some scientific instruments. Constellations can be viewed after sunset and before sunrise. Also, as the earth turns you can see different constellations. - If you are on the equator you can view all the constellations in a year.

 

See a Virtual Telescope !!!

http://library.thinkquest.org/3645/constellations.html

 

http://www.dustbunny.com/afk/constellations/

 

 

Back to Top of Page

 

 

 

Other -Very Nice Photos of Atmospheric Events

and the Properties of Water

 

 

 

 

Aurora Borealis -

 Viewed from Space

 

 

Jupiter Aurora

 

 

 

Aurora Borealis and Australis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Double Rainbows

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corona Cloud

 

Iridescent colours seen on a cloud corona. Usually caused by light being refracted inside tiny supercooled water droplets (water that remains as liquid at -40 C) in a cirrocumulus cloud layer.

 

http://idjmedia.blogspot.com/2011/07/corona-cloud.html

 

Iridescent Corona Clouds

 

 

 

 Simulated water molecules in a high-density configuration (top) fill a volume outlined in green. Transformed to a low-density form, however, the same number of simulated molecules is predicted to occupy roughly 20 percent more space (bottom).

 

 

 

Simulation of Melting and Vaporizing Water  ( 3 mins)

 

The simulation is from phet.colorado.edu. On a molecular level this shows how adding energy to water molecules changes the phase from a solid to a liquid to a gas.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4PSw6xKaCps

 

Molecular illustrations are courtesy of: Ph ET Interactive Simulations
University of Colorado
http://phet.colorado.edu.

 

Water States at Different Temperatures - From Frozen to Boiling

 

 

 

 

 

Supercooled Water - Explained!  ( 3 mins)

 

Many videos on YouTube show water freezing almost instantaneously. This video shows you how to replicate the experiment and it explains how the phenomenon works.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ph8xusY3GTM

 

Supercooled Water

 

 ... In principle, supercooled water's density anomaly, as well as some of its other sub-zero zaniness, arises from its tendency to organize itself into spacious tetrahedral formations. Since tetrahedral packing is less dense than the packing of the warmer liquid, water ends taking up more space as it gets cold, even if it doesn't freeze.

In 1992, by means of simulations, Peter H. Poole and his colleagues on a Boston University team led by Stanley identified two configurations of supercooled water molecules—the high-density form, or phase, and a low-density phase—neither of which has been observed experimentally. Both contain tetrahedral structures, but the low-density form is predicted to occupy 20 percent more volume than the high-density form.

What's more, the simulations delineated a set of pressure and temperature values that marks the transition from the high-density to low-density phases of the supercooled water (SN: 12/5/92, p. 391). These are analogous to freezing and boiling points, where one phase of matter gives way to another.

The notion of two liquid phases of water is a radical one. In particular, "the properties of that [low-density phase] would be totally different than ordinary water's," says Poole, now of St. Francis Xavier University in Antigonish, Nova Scotia. "It's a liquid of purely tetrahedral units. It would flow like molasses."

 

Actually, the two liquid phases of water described in the simulation, may correspond to some forms of noncrystalline ice. Noncrystalline, or amorphous, ice has a disorganized molecular configuration similar to that of liquid water. Known to make up the bulk of water in comets and to coat interstellar dust grains, amorphous ice may be the most abundant type of water in the universe. ...

 

http://www.phschool.com/science/science_news/articles/wet_n_wild.html

 

 

 

 

 

The Chemistry of Snowflakes - Bytesize Science  ( 2 mins)

 

This informative video, produced by the American Chemical Society, traces the formation of snowflakes from their origins as grains of dust in clouds. As water vapor sticks to the dust the droplets of water turn into ice. Water molecules bond in hexagonal networks when they freeze, forming six crystal faces. It illustrates how ice crystals grow fastest at the corners between the faces, developing the six branches that exist in most snowflakes. As snowflakes develop, the branches spread, and grow, or branch off into new arms. As each snowflake rises and falls through warmer and cooler air, its own distinctive shape emerges.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VYrF3sFBY20&feature=player_embedded

 

Macro Snow Flakes Forming   ( 1 mins)

No two are the same.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bJDeoah-Cd0

 

Snowflake Watching   ( 3 mins)
 

Physicist Ken Libbrecht has an obsession with snowflakes and has travelled the world studying and documenting them. Because of their complexity no two snowflakes are the same and provide a limitless variety of shapes and structures to study.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fd-hb2xzvZI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Snowflakes - How-to:

 

Pipe Cleaner Snowflakes

 

http://www.4men1lady.com/o-christmas-tree-o-christmas-tree/

 

Paper Snowflakes

 

  

 

http://www.deliacreates.com/2011/12/six-sided-paper-snowflakes.html

 

Make Miniature Winter Trees from Paper Snowflakes

 

http://miniatures.about.com/od/christmasminiatures/ss/Make-Miniature-Winter-Trees-From-Paper-Snowflakes_9.htm

 

 

 

 

 

Water Spouts

 

A waterspout is an intense columnar vortex (usually appearing as a funnel-shaped cloud) that occurs over a body of water In the common form, it is a  tornado over water.

 

 

Rare video: Five simultaneous waterspouts filmed at Lake Michigan  (2 min)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g2Zszsxn-Dw

 

Water Spout at National Geographic - Short Video

http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/environment/environment-natural-disasters/tornadoes/water-spouts/

 

 

Lightening during a Storm

 

 

Amazing Upward Lightning!

 

 

A Tornado and a Lightening Bolt

 

Close "clear-air" lightning bolt! - Darwin Australia  ( 1 mins)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jm3rHONOr9o

 

Lightning strikes Empire State Building & World Trade Center

 

An early summer thunderstorm in New York City includes multiple lightning strikes to the TV masts at both the Empire State Building & the World Trade Center. The 4 strikes seen in this clip occurred over a space of about 10 minutes, starting aprox 6:35PM EDT on 7/1/01. As recorded by WNBC-TV's rooftop camera at the very top of 30 Rockefeller Plaza. This puts it one level above the uppermost observation deck that is now part of the "Top of the Rock"

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EyZIXSeD0xk

 

AMAZING Lightning Storm strikes 8 Times !!

 

Mike Theiss of Ultimate Chase, Inc. films an amazing lightning storm in Wichita Falls, Texas. In 30 minutes this lightning storm struck the same set of TV Towers 8 times !!!!! The video shows all 8 lightning strikes slowed down so you can really see the lightning bolt.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=0XXwn7DBiZ8&feature=endscreen

 

Amazing Upward Lightning!  ( 2 mins)

 

Watch the footage that astounded the world of lightning science as bolts of light grow upward from the ground. (from Discovery Channel's "Raging Planet")

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RDDfkKEa2ls

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

An "African Sahara Desert Sand Storm" flying over the Atlantic Ocean, in the High Atmosphere. It Travels About 5,000 Miles.

 

 

It crosses all the way from Africa to Miami-Dade County, Florida USA, on July 19, 2012. -  Although the coarser sand is not normally raised far above the land, the smaller dust particles can be lofted 2 or 3 miles high into the sky.

 

http://earthsky.org/earth/dust-from-africa-arrives-in-florida-july-19

 

 

 

 

 

 

Back to Top of Page

 

 

 

Astronomy For Kids

 

 NASA Space Shuttle & Astronauts - International Space Station

- Satellites - Observatories  -  Space Debris

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

International Space Station and the docked Space Shuttle

 

 

International Space Station

 

What is a Space Station?

 

The Space Station is the largest manned object ever sent into space. It is a research facility that measures 290 feet in length and 356 feet in width. It weighs more than 1 million pounds.

 

The ISS can be seen by people on the Earth. When completed, the ISS will be visible to more than 90 percent of the world's population and circles the Earth every 90 minutes. ...

 

http://www.kidskonnect.com/subjectindex/15-educational/science/85-international-space-station.html

 

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/main/index.html

 

NASA ' s Image Gallery

http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/index.html

 

   

  

 

 

 

Astronaut working in Space

 

 

Is this going to be the "Next Space Shuttle"?

 

 

Space Shuttle Take off from Kennedy Space Center

 

Space Shuttle on it's way to the International Space Station

 

International Space Station - Astronauts

 

 

 

Space Shuttle and the Astronauts

 

What is the Space Shuttle?
It is an ingenious cross between an Airplane, and a Rocket.

 

What does NASA use the Shuttle for?
As we discussed above, the Shuttle Program is one of NASA's most exciting endeavors. Through the work done by astronauts during these shuttle missions scientists learn the effects of weightlessness on humans, they learn how to make better equipment, they develop invaluable medical, and technological advances, and they set the stage for future exploration.

 

Today only astronauts can visit Outer Space because the Shuttle Flights have stopped. -  This is because a space shuttle mission were very expensive. However NASA is developing new space crafts that will eventually replace the Space Shuttle such as the New Space Crafts x34 and x33. These space craft will make it several times cheaper to fly a space mission, and may eventually allow everyone to take a vacation in space.

 

http://www.kidsastronomy.com/space_shuttle.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Geostationary Satellite orbiting Earth

 

 

Geostationary Satellite spinning in Orbit in unison with Earth's revolutions.

 

What is a Geostationary Satellite?

 

It is a satellite whose orbital track is repeated over certain point on the Earth over a period of time.   

 

 

 

GPS or global positioning systems, enable an individual with a GPS device to know exactly where he is on earth at any given point in the world.

 

Communication Satellites are some of the most common geostationary orbit satellites orbiting the earth. They receive information transferred to antennas from communication devices, such as cell phones, and bounce that information to other antennas, providing a reliable and quick relay from one communication device to another.

 

Weather Satellites - Weather Agencies have satellites that provide them with the most up-to-date information on what the weather is doing, including data on temperatures, cloud coverage, wind speeds and pressures. These geostationary orbit satellites have greatly improved the weather prediction process and have provided people with early warnings of dangerous weather conditions.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There is over 50 years of Space Debris orbiting around Planet Earth that can cause serious trouble for new Satellites and Astronauts.

 

 

Space Junk or Space Debris

 

Space junk, space debris, space waste — call it what you want, but just as junk and waste cause problems here on Earth, in space spent booster stages, nuts and bolts from ISS construction, various accidental discards such as spacesuit gloves and cameras, and fragments from exploded spacecraft could turn into a serious problem for the future of spaceflight
 

Between the launch of Sputnik on 4 October 1957 and 1 January 2008, approximately 4600 launches have placed some 6000 satellites into orbit; about 400 are now travelling beyond Earth on interplanetary trajectories, but of the remaining 5600 only about 800 satellites are operational – roughly 45 percent of these are both in LEO and GEO.
 

http://www.universetoday.com/13587/space-debris-illustrated-the-problem-in-pictures/

 

 

Chandra's Super Nova Image

 

Super-bubble located in the  Large Magellanic Cloud

 

Chandra's Group of Galaxies Image

 

 

 

Chandra X-ray Observatory:

 

NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory is a telescope specially designed to detect X-ray emission from very hot regions of the Universe such as exploded stars, clusters of galaxies, and matter around black holes.

 

In cooperation with Space Scoop: Bringing news from across the Universe to children all around the world of a Universe Awareness.

 

 

 

http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/kids_images.html 

 

 

Hubble Space Telescope

 

 

The Pillars of Creation, where stars are born.

 

Hubble Space Telescope

 - Deep Space Images

 

 

Hubble Space Telescope

 

Hubble Space Shattering Discoveries of the Strange and Most Beautiful images from the furthest parts of the Universe or Cosmos. - These are just a few of them... The Hubble Telescope, that is orbiting in space, has a very powerful lens and takes pictures of excellent quality.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cu8FRXDiX9Y&list=PL4F4D627E1DC67E3F

 

                          

 

              

  

 

NASA’s Kepler Mission

 

 

This is a NASA illustration of the

 newly discovered 6-planet "solar system" around a sun-like star

2000 light years away.  

 

 

 

Kepler spacecraft finds more than 1,000 Planets in other distant Star Systems

 

The Kepler spacecraft, searching far beyond our solar system, has found more than 1,000 possible planets orbiting distant stars, and at least 54 of them are within their suns' "habitable zones," where temperature could support liquid water and potentially life.

 

       "It's very likely that life is common in our galaxy,"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Astronomy For Kids - KidsAstronomy.com

www.kidsastronomy.com/ 


 

Back to Top of Page

 

 

Space School - Videos & Books

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Space School- Milky Way  ( 6 mins)

 

Despite being one of billions of galaxies in the universe, the Milky Way is special. Nestled in a corner of this gigantic galaxy sits Earth, a simple grain of sand tucked away among countless clusters of stars.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vO7k8sHhMic

 

 

 

 

 

14 Fun Facts About the Solar System: A 15-Minute Book

By: Jeannie Meekins

 

 

 

Space School - Solar System   ( 4 mins)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mtKNH2Y2OJM 

 

 

14 Fun Facts About the Solar System: A 15-Minute Book

 

You may think the Solar System consists of the sun and the eight planets that orbit around it. However, there are other things out there. There are comets, moons, asteroids, meteors, dust, ice, rock and much more. Plus there is a whole lot of man made junk. How much do you know about the solar system? Which planet had the potential to become a star? How many asteroids are there in the asteroid belt? How average is our sun? How far does the sun’s gravity extend? How old is our solar system?

 

http://www.kobobooks.com/ebook/14-Fun-Facts-About-Solar/book-RmhtfALewkWZZ1tKpYgKHw/page1.html

 

 

Sun - Earth - Moon

 

 

 

 

14 Fun Facts About the Sun:

A 15-Minute Book

By: Jeannie Meekins

 

 

 

Space School - The Sun   (  5 mins)

 

The Sun has burned for almost 5 billion years and produces power and heat beyond imagination. However, this powerful star won't always be around - what might life look like once the Sun is gone?

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SsoGeq4XcCk

 

14 Fun Facts About the Sun: A 15-Minute Book

 

Our sun is an average star in our galaxy. It is a sphere of burning gas that provides light and heat. It makes our plants grow and allows them to turn carbon dioxide into breathable oxygen. If our sun were to shine a little less or a little more brightly, life as we knew it would not exist. A drop of less than 2% of the sun’s energy output would turn Earth into an ice-covered planet. So how much do you know about this glowing sphere that controls our world. Can you answer these questions: What is the sun made up of? How long does it take the sun to orbit the center of our galaxy? How many layers of atmosphere does the sun have? What are solar winds and what do they do to Earth? What impact do solar flares have on Earth? Find out more about the Sun and amaze your family and friends with these fun facts. All measurements in American and metric.

 

http://www.kobobooks.com/ebook/14-Fun-Facts-About-Sun/book-Q2ag5Q_w8E2VFUmxRMeQmg/page1.html

 

 

Earth's Moon

 

 

 

 

Moon Craters

 

 

14 Fun Facts About the Moon:

A 15-Minute Book

By: Jeannie Meekins

 

 

Space School - The Moon  (  5:30 mins)

 

How much do you know about Earths only natural satellite?

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0HtG9opCmOE

 

                     

Astronauts Moon Landing -  July 20, 1969      -  Astronaut's First Footsteps

 

Moon Rover Vehicle

 

14 Fun Facts About the Moon: A 15-Minute Book

 

You see it every night in the night sky, but how much do you really know about the moon? Here are some things you may not know. Do you know: What one thing is different about our moon from every other moon we have found? What kind of atmosphere is there on the moon? How many sides of the moon do we see? What happened to the footprints of the astronauts that stood on the moon? Find out in this book, and surprise and amaze your friends with these fun facts about our moon. LearningIsland.com

 

http://www.kobobooks.com/ebook/14-Fun-Facts-About-Moon/book-7B9NUNaxwUq2LD6N_k9Erw/page1.html

 

 

 

 

The Planets  - Videos and Books: 

 

Planet Mercury

 

 

14 Fun Facts About Mercury:

 A 15-Minute Book

By: Jeannie Meekins

 

 

 

 

 

 

Space School - Mercury ( 4:45 mins)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wXFAn1V8oGw

 

14 Fun Facts About Mercury: A 15-Minute Book

 

When was Mercury discovered? Does Mercury have a magnetic field? How big is Mercury’s atmosphere? Was Mercury bigger in the past? Learn the answer to these questions and many more fun facts in this 15-Minute Book. The closest planet to the sun is Mercury – a tiny, hot, lifeless ball of rock that races around the sun in less than three months. What could possibly fascinate us about that? Read on and find out. LearningIsland.com

 

http://www.kobobooks.com/ebook/14-Fun-Facts-About-Mercury/book-DnVEj4a62kmvjQGaVwbZBQ/page1.html

 

 

Planet Venus

 

 

14 Fun Facts About Venus:

A 15-Minute Book

By: Caitlind L. Alexander

 

 

Space School - Venus  ( 4:26 mins)

 

Concealed underneath the thick, fluffy clouds of Venus sits one of the most violent planets in our solar system.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h8KrQuPklAw

 

14 Fun Facts About Venus: A 15-Minute Book

 

Does it ever rain on Venus? How thick is the air on Venus? Which is longer on Venus, a day or a year? How did Venus change the way people saw the world? Learn the answer to these questions and many more fun facts in this 15-Minute Book. Venus is the second planet from the sun. It sits between Mercury and Earth. Scientists have studied Venus and here are a few facts we have learned. LearningIsland.com

 

http://www.kobobooks.com/ebook/14-Fun-Facts-About-Venus/book-WXmLYCu4VkCRWIcX0vVoPQ/page1.html

 

 

Planet Earth

 

 

14 Fun Facts About Earth:

 A 15-Minute Book

By: Jeannie Meekins

 

 

Space School- Earth  ( 8 mins)

 

A fragile blue marble floating through space, Earth may seem small, but is unlike any planet ever discovered. Home to millions of species, including humans, the Earth remains a complex and fragile planet, unique in almost every way.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YMY_-xYmJvE 

 

14 Fun Facts About Earth: A 15-Minute Book

 

How old is Earth? How fast does Earth spin? What is happening to Mount Everest, the highest place on Earth? What is the lowest place on Earth? Learn the answer to these questions and many more fun facts in this 15-Minute Book. Earth is the only planet in the universe that has life. It orbits an ordinary star in the outer edge of The Milky Way Galaxy. It is a small rocky planet, third in line from its sun. Seventy percent of it is covered by water. It is our home. But how much do you really know about it? LearningIsland.com

 

http://www.kobobooks.com/ebook/14-Fun-Facts-About-Earth/book-xQW1cDoVO02kh7jNbbfjDA/page1.html

 

 

Planet Mars 

 

 

14 Fun Facts About Mars:

A 15-Minute Book

By: Jeannie Meekins

 

 

 

Space School - Mars  ( 7:24 mins)

 

Within its red dirt, Mars may hold water and possibly alien life. What else makes this volcanic planet special? It's like to be the first extra terrestrial planet to host human visitors.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IEDqqy5IRFU

 

14 Fun Facts About Mars:  A 15-Minute Book

 

A day on Mars is almost as long as a day on Earth, but how long is a year on Mars? Does Mars have seasons? What color are the rocks on Mars? Mars is full of volcanoes, but when did the last one erupt? Learn the answer to these questions and many more fun facts in this 15-Minute Book. In the Milky Way Galaxy, there is a yellow sun that has eight planets. Four of the planets are rock worlds. The other four are gas and ice. The closest planet to the sun is Mercury. It’s too hot for anything to live there. The second is Venus. Its atmosphere is deadly. The third is Earth. It has oceans and land. It has trees and animals, and humans. The fourth planet, and last of the rock worlds, is Mars – the red planet. How much do you know about this fascinating place? LearningIsland.com

 

http://www.kobobooks.com/ebook/14-Fun-Facts-About-Mars/book-Kkhc0_rDQEaWt2W8-37Dyw/page1.html

 

 

 Planet Jupiter

 

 

14 Fun Facts About Jupiter:

 A 15-Minute Book

By: Caitlind L. Alexander

 

 

Space School - Jupiter  ( 8 mins)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-RR5mTSKmQ

 

14 Fun Facts About Jupiter:  A 15-Minute Book

 

How big is Jupiter compared to all the other planets in our solar system combined? Is there a surface to the planet Jupiter? Does Jupiter rotate faster of slower than any other planet in our solar system? Is Jupiter growing or shrinking year after year? Learn the answer to these questions and many more fun facts in this 15-Minute Book. Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system. It is a huge gas giant twirling in orbit around the sun. Here are some facts you might not know about Jupiter. LearningIsland.com

 

http://www.kobobooks.com/ebook/14-Fun-Facts-About-Jupiter/book-eKQJzPW8zUidTH-R1cqpxA/page1.html

 

 

 

Planet Saturn

 

 


14 Fun Facts About Saturn:

A 15-Minute Book

By: Caitlind L. Alexander

 

 

Space School - Saturn  ( 6:37 mins)

 

Nine times the size of Earth, Saturn is a truly unique planet. Learn all about it right here at Space School.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MS9D9CzwPQU 

 

14 Fun Facts About Saturn: A 15-Minute Book

 

How many Earth years does it take to make one Saturn year? Do we know more about the planet Saturn or about its rings and moons? How many moons does Saturn have? How heavy is Saturn? Who discovered Saturn’s rings? Learn the answer to these questions and many more fun facts in this 15-Minute Book. Saturn is the sixth planet from the sun. It sits between Jupiter and Uranus. Scientists don’t know much about Saturn, but here are some things that they do know. LearningIsland.com

 

http://www.kobobooks.com/ebook/14-Fun-Facts-About-Saturn/book-MwTf-EbuFk-YsXpLomBI_g/page1.html

 

 

Planet Uranus

 

 

14 Fun Facts About Uranus:

A 15-Minute Book

By: Jeannie Meekins

 

 

Space School - Uranus   ( 5:22 mins)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G7f1nuwRq_E

 

14 Fun Facts About Uranus: A 15-Minute Book

 

What did scientists first think Uranus was? What are the names of Uranus’ moons named after? Is Uranus bigger or smaller than Earth? What is strange about the way Uranus spins? Learn the answer to these questions and many more fun facts in this 15-Minute Book. In the middle of the galaxy is Uranus, one of the four gas planets in the Solar System. Here are some fun facts about Uranus. LearningIsland.com

 

http://www.kobobooks.com/ebook/14-Fun-Facts-About-Uranus/book-MS2hufU8N0CjYcES2lSMIg/page1.html

 

 

Planet Neptune

 

 

14 Fun Facts About Neptune

 A 15-Minute Book

By: Jeannie Meekins

 

 

Space School - Neptune   (  mins)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EmUvTH7sveg

 

14 Fun Facts About Neptune: A 15-Minute Book

 

Does Neptune have a lot of winds? What is at the core or center of Neptune? Neptune is slowly turning itself into what precious mineral? What is the coldest place in our solar system? (Hint: It isn’t the planet,) Learn the answer to these questions and many more fun facts in this 15-Minute Book. Neptune is the last planet in our solar system. It is so far away that scientists do not know much about it, but here are some things they do know. LearningIsland.com

 

http://www.kobobooks.com/ebook/14-Fun-Facts-About-Neptune/book-RPOctVOmU0yM7X8ceN-CTA/page1.html

 

 

 

Ex Planet Pluto

 

14 Fun Facts About Pluto:

 A 15-Minute Book

By: Jeannie Meekins

 

 

Space School- Pluto  ( 4:20 mins)

 

At 3.7 billion miles from the Sun, the dark world of Pluto has remained a puzzle to scientists. Discovered less than one hundred years ago, new findings are still emerging about this distant former planet.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D9FGePDvwjA

 

14 Fun Facts About Pluto: A 15-Minute Book

 

Pluto was once considered to be the smallest planet in our galaxy. As more was discovered about the other planets, and about other objects in our galaxy, Pluto fell into debate, but many people still like to consider it a planet. How much do you really know about Pluto? Why do scientists say Pluto was “discovered by mistake”? Who discovered Pluto? How big is Pluto compared to the United States? Is Pluto’s orbit outside or inside the orbit of Neptune? How many Pluto days are there in a Pluto year? Does it snow on Pluto? Find out in this book, and surprise and amaze your friends with these fun facts about Pluto. LearningIsland.com

 

http://www.kobobooks.com/ebook/14-Fun-Facts-About-Pluto/book-HhKu4-Pb8kmWfUX_V4oaPg/page1.html

 

 

Quasars

 

 

Center of Galaxies Black Hole

 

 

14 Fun Facts About Black Holes:

 A 15-Minute Book

By: Jeannie Meekins

 

 

 

Space School- Strange Things In Space ( 4:57 mins)

 

Far beyond Earth in the endless expanses of space, mysterious objects are hiding: Black Holes, Quasars and Dark Matter.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uYizbZA4TjI

 

 

14 Fun Facts About Black Holes: A 15-Minute Book

 

TV and movies will have you believing that black holes are huge holes in space and anything that falls into them is lost for all time – possibly falling into another universe or another time, or even falling forever. You may think that black holes run around in space like huge vacuum cleaners sucking up everything in their path. This is not true. But what actually is a black hole and what do they do? This book will help you find out. LearningIsland.com

 

http://www.kobobooks.com/ebook/14-Fun-Facts-About-Black/book-ZFMGaLdrnk6h_stMMIuMcg/page1.html

 

 

 

 

 

Astronomia

Back to Top of Page

 

 

 

Astronomy For Kids - Books and Games

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Games and Toys

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Astronomy for Kids Books

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 Astronomía y el Espacio Sideral

 - Para Niños - En Español 

 

 

 

 

 

Sistema Planetario para Niños ( 6 mins)

 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iJ3xCwsyRQU

 

Viaje al Sistema Solar  ( 5 mins)
 

Se trata de un vídeo educativo perteneciente al área de conocimiento del medio destinado a niños de Primaria.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lt7skee25So  

 

 

 

 Rotacion del Planeta Tierra

 

 

 

De Dia y de Noche -

Rotacion del Planeta Tierra

 

 

 

El Planeta Tierra - Un Espectáculo Maravilloso ( 4 mins)

 

Video del planeta Tierra. Una maravilla de imágenes de nuestro planeta.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mfbX5DHIy5s

 

La Tierra vista desde el Espacio Realmente Hermosas! - Excelentes Imagenes !!!!!  ( 5 mins)

 

Secuencias de lapso de tiempo de las fotografías tomadas por la tripulación de las expediciones 28 y 29 a bordo de la Estación Espacial Internacional desde agosto hasta octubre, 2011, que disparó estas imágenes a una altitud de unos 350 km.

Imagen cortesía de la Ciencia de Imagen y Laboratorio de Análisis,
NASA Johnson Space Center, la puerta de Fotografía de Astronautas de la Tierra eol.jsc.nasa.gov

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hiJriGkmyGU  

 

 

\

 

 

 

 

 

¿Por qué se producen las Estaciones del año?  ( 2  mins)

 

Segmento del documental "El Universo" de la BBC.

 

 

 

La inclinacion del Axis del Planeta Tierra, de 23.5 Grados, que cuando rota alrededor del Sol crea las cuatro Estaciones, que dura un año completo.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Pj6znxzFik

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Back to Top of Page

 

 

 

HOME

SCIENCE TOPICS

CONTACT US

 

* * * Please Visit also our Other Themes * * *  Please Visit also our Other Themes* * *  Please Visit also our Other Themes * * *  Please Visit also our Other Themes * * * 

 

ALIENS & UFO

 

CONSPIRACIES

 

NEW AGE

 

ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS

SCIENCE

 

VISIONARIES- INVENTIONS & DISCOVERIES

UNUSUAL NATURAL FORMATIONS & GREAT AERIAL VIEWS

ENVIRONMENT

 

 

  

 

~ Vision in Consciousness - A Non-Profit Website – It’s whole Purpose is to inform and to help Raise Human Consciousness in these Changing Times ~

tumblr visitor